Acceptance of the rape myth oddone paolucci others

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acceptance of the rape myth (Oddone-Paolucci & others, 2000) While spending three evenings watching sexually violent movies Male viewers became progressively less bothered by the raping and slashing (Mullin & Linz, 1995) Compared with others not exposed to the films Three days later they expressed less sympathy for domestic violence victims Rated the victims’ injuries as less severe o Aggression against women Correlational studies Evidence also suggests that pornography contributes to men’s actual aggression toward women (Kingston & others, 2009) Across the world, as pornography became more widely available during the 1960s and 1970s (Court, 1985) The rate of reported rapes sharply increased Except in countries and areas where pornography was controlled Baron and Straus (1984) discovered that the sales of sexually explicit magazines in the 50 states Correlated with state rape rates Even after controlling for other factors When interviewed, Canadian and American sexual offenders commonly acknowledge pornography use Used pornography much more than men who were not sexual offenders (Marshall, 1989) Even after controlling for other sexual abuse predictors (Kingston & others, 2008) Predicted sexual aggressiveness even after controlling for other predictors of antisocial behavior e.g. general hostility (Vega & Malamuth, 2007) Experimental studies Exposure to violent pornography increase punitive behavior toward women (Koop, 1987) Showed men a neutral, an erotic or an aggressive-erotic (rape) film (Donnerstein, 1980)
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The men supposedly as part of another experiment taught a male or female confederate some nonsense syllables By choosing how much shock to administer for incorrect answers The men who had watched the rape film administered markedly stronger shocks Especially when angered and with a female victim o Media awareness education In the contest of individual versus collective rights Most people in Western nations side with individual rights As an alternative to censorship Many psychologists favor “media awareness training” Pornography researches have successfully resensitized and educated participants to women’s actual responses to sexual violence By sensitizing people to the portrayal of women that predominates in pornography and to issues of sexual harassments and violence Should be possible to debunk the myth that women enjoy being coerced - Media influences: Television o Catharsis Emotional release Engaging in less harmful aggressive actions will reduce the tendency to aggress later in a more harmful way The catharsis view of aggression is that aggressive drive is reduced when one releases aggressive energy Either by acting aggressively or by fantasizing aggression o A variation on the catharsis hypothesis Maintains that watching violent drama enables people to release their pent-up hostilities o Television’s effects on behavior Correlating TV viewing and behavior
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  • Fall '16
  • Relational aggression, Bushman,  Berkowitz

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