Answer broken record broken record Add Question Here Question 123 Essay 0

Answer broken record broken record add question here

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Answer "broken record" broken record Add Question Here Question 123 Essay 0 points Modify Remove Question Explain the difference in ascribed and achieved roles and give an example of each. Answer Answer will include that ascribed roles are those that are assigned to a person or ar not under personal control, such as being male or female, a nephew or grandparent, an adolescent or middle-aged person. Achieved roles are voluntarily attained by special effort, such as being a spouse, teacher, college president, doctor, or bandleader. Examples will vary. Add Question Here Question 124 Essay 0 points Modify Remove Question Describe how attribution theory affects how we think of ourselves and others. Include the concepts of internal and external causes, the fundamental attribution error and the actor-observer bias. Answer Answer will include that attribution is the process of making inferences about the causes of one’s own behavior and the behavior of others. One can attribute external or internal causes to behavior. An external cause infers that the behavior results from the situation, while internal causes would include the person’s personality traits, needs, and motives. We seldom know the real reasons for others’ actions. Thus, we tend to infer causes from circumstances. However, in doing so, we often make mistakes. The most common error is to attribute the actions of others to internal causes. This mistake is called the fundamental attribution error. We tend to think the actions of others have internal causes even if they are actually caused by external forces or circumstances. Where our own behavior is concerned, we are more likely to think that external causes explain our actions. In other words, there is an actor-observer bias in how we explain behavior. As observers, we attribute the behavior of others to their wants, motives, and personality traits (the fundamental attribution error). As actors, we tend to find external explanations for our own behavior. Add Question Here Question 125 Essay 0 points Modify Remove Question Describe four of the six ways in which attitudes are acquired and give an example of each. Answer Answer will include four of the following six ways in which attitudes are acquired: (1) Direct contact : Sometimes attitudes come from personal experience with the object or situation, such as opposing pollution after a nearby factory ruins your favorite river. (2) Chance conditioning : Some attitudes are simply formed through chance conditioning; that is, learning that takes place by chance or coincidence with a pleasant or unpleasant situation. For example, you have a favorable attitude about one place because you had a great vacation there. (3) Interaction with others : Attitudes are also learned through interaction with others; that is, through discussion with people holding a particular attitude. For example, your attitude about a particular candidate may be shaped through discussion with friends. (4) Group membership : In
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