USSR which used to be a friend guide and protector for China during the initial

Ussr which used to be a friend guide and protector

This preview shows page 237 - 239 out of 392 pages.

USSR, which used to be a friend, guide and protector for China during the initial years of their formation in 1950, began to be considered as a rival and an unreliable ally by the end of the 1950s. Subsequent closeness of USSR with India and her attempts to befriend Pakistan in the 1960s, especially after the 1965 Indo Pak war, led to increased differences between the two countries. China was interested in preventing the Soviet Union from spreading its influence in Pakistan. Knowing that USSR could not befriend Pakistan at the cost of India, China decided to make friends with Pakistan with the aim of preventing the USSR from spreading its influence in South Asia using a powerful India. China’s strategic objectives in Pakistan stem from the fact that Xinjiang and Tibet are contiguous to the Indian sub-continent and China is still consolidating itself in these regions. Pakistan occupies certain areas of Kashmir which have immense strategic value in view of this. Pakistan occupied Kashmir (POK) is located in a region where China, India and Afghanistan meet together. The religious affinity between the people of Xinjiang and Pakistan along with the history of repeated revolts by the Xinjiang people against the Chinese government forced China to sign a boundary agreement with Pakistan in 1963 to acquire strategically important areas to keep the influence of the Pakistani fundamentalism away from the people of Xinjiang.
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AINUDDIN KIBZAI Current Affairs-2020 ESHAAL KIBZAI IBIBZAI2 238 Still “Sweeter Than Honey”? The Future of the China -Pakistan Relationship Pakistan's general election on July 25 marked the country's second democratic transition in its history. The declared winner, Imran Khan, is a former cricketer-turned-politician whose party, the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI), or Pakistan Movement for Justice, won 116 of the 270 National Assembly seats. Following successful negotiations with a number of smaller groups, the PTI formed a majority in Pakistan's parliament, thus paving the way for Imran Khan to become prime minister. Khan ran a campaign based on change, promising to fight corruption at the highest levels and to root out poverty. For many, the victory of his party signals a significant move away from Pakistan's traditionally clan-based politics, yet Imran Khan was also able to attract conservative votes through his defense of the country's strict blasphemy laws. One interested spectator of Pakistan's democratic transition was China, which featured prominently in the 2018 campaign. What is at stake for Pakistan’s close ally is the increasing importance of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). The ambitious project centers around a series of energy and infrastructure projects totaling upwards of $62 billion in grants and soft loans. It includes a major deep-water port and Special Economic Zone in Gwadar, dams, roads, fiber optic cables, and a soon-to-be-completed light railway in Lahore. While the financial feasibility of the project and terms of the various contracts have been repeatedly questioned,
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  • Summer '12
  • Dr. James
  • Economics, People's Republic of China, BRI

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