17. Ashley frequently plays the slot machines and sometimes come out slightly ahead in her winnings. Just as all gambling behavior, Ashley’s gambling behavior describes on a ______ schedule of reinforcement.A) fixed-intervalB) fixed-ratioC) variable-ratioD) variable-interval18. In his original studies of digestion, Pavlov placed food on a dog’s tongue to make the dog salivate. In this situation, the dog’s salivating was a ______.
19. James has a needle phobia. All of the following are incorrectly paired that identifies a stimulus or a response related to the conditioning of his phobia, except:20. After buying an electric grass trimmer, Richard changed into his shorts and went out in his bare feet to trim the grass. When he moved the trimmer too close to his leg, the rotating line gashed and cut his ankle. Richard no longer wears shorts or goes barefoot when he uses the grasstrimmer. Richard's behavior of dressing inappropriately for gardening has been changed as a result of:21. A famous psychologist, named John Garcia, finds that the rats did not learn to associate a taste with flashing lights and noise. However, rats do learn to associate a taste with getting ill. Which of the following concept best accounts for this observation?A) spontaneous recoveryB) the partial reinforcement effectC) latent learningD) biological preparedness22. Your best friend Jamie became very ill a few hours after eating the fried chicken special at her home. Now, Jamie feels queasy whenever she smells fried chicken. Based on what you’ve read about the chapter of learning in your psych class, all of the following are false that you explained, except:
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