Communicable diseases present a significant burden

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COMMUNICABLE DISEASES PRESENT A SIGNIFICANT BURDEN FOR POORER CONUTRIES (OVER 50% OF TOTAL DALYS) BUT LESS THAN 10% FOR DEVELOPED COUNTRIES Communicable: nutritional, maternal and neonatal Nutritional - Iron deficiency o Is the most common nutritional disorder in the world
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o The effects range from impaired development in children to decreased work productivity in adults. o Rarely fatal, but it’s so common that it has a staggering impact on entire economies, sucking the life out of development - Protein Energy Malnutrition o Form of severe calorie or protein deficiency (starvation). o Has a particularly large impact on children due to their lower protein intake, especially once they’ve stopped breastfeeding. o PEM is less common but more severe than iron deficiency – 6 million deaths each year. Maternal - Impact on children o Poor and/poor nutrition of the mother often leads to Decreased stability in the home Poor health/death of child Low birth weights o Motherless children are: Less likely to get an education More likely to die o Building a woman’s trust in healthcare increases preventative care for the whole family - Economic Reasons o 70% those who live in absolute poverty are women o women are more likely to spend what they make on their family o maternal health interventions are among the most cost effective in health o Building a solid maternal health services strengthens the whole health care system - Social justice o Maternal deaths are rooted in women’s powerlessness and their unequal access to Employment Finances Education Basic health care o Women must be empowered Neonatal - Interventions improving neonatal health o Prenatal visits o Skilled birth attendants o Emergency care o Post-natal care - Causes of neonatal morbidity
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o Preterm birth and low infections (36%) o Birth weight (28%) o Birth trauma (23%) Neonatal health accounts for only the first 28 days of life and yet 40% of child deaths occur during this period. The main causes of neonatal death are preterm births, infections and birth asphyxia Non-Communicable Diseases: cannot be spread from one person to another, although in some cases, the behaviours that lead to them can be thought of as “contagious” NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES ACCOUNT FOR THE HIGHEST BURDEN OF DISEASE WORLDWIDE (63% OF DALYS) AND ARE USUALLY PREVALENT IN HIGH, MIDDLE AND LOW- INCOME POPULATIONS Cardiovascular disease: a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Technically synonymous with heart attacks but WHO describes it as the large category that includes multiple conditions. Conditions include: heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, heart failure and rheumatic heart disease. The large increase is due to people living longer lives and partly because of changes in lifestyle leading to increases CVD risk factors Solutions for managing Risk factors - High blood pressure – make control your goal - High cholesterol – work with your doctor on a treatment plane to manage your cholesterol -
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