villages was also taken up to cover 100% household. Under Free Electrification Programme, free electricity connection to the households who were Below Poverty Line was provided. By 1994, only 3,104 households were electrified. But 3100 households still remained uncovered (IRP, Govt. of Sikkim, nd, p. 104). The LPG connection which was started in 1976 also improved. From 1986-1992, branch offices of State Trading Co-operation of Sikkim (STCS) were opened at Jorethang, Singtam, Rangpo, Rhenock and Pakyong to extend facility of LPG connection to those places. A new godown for the storage of LPG was set up at Tadong Industrial Estate, Gangtok to meet the increasing demand of the consumers (IPR, Govt. of Sikkim, nd, pp. 147-148). (iii) Water Management Infrastructure: Water management infrastructure forms one of the most important elements of good governance in a developing civil society or state. Water management infrastructure includes safe drinking, including water sources, system of pipes, tanks storage reservoirs, pumps, ponds, valves, filtration and treatment equipment. It also includes buildings and structures to store the equipment, used for the collection, treatment and distribution of drinking water, major irrigation systems; reservoirs, irrigation canals, major flood control systems; protection walls or dikes and floodgates as well as the use of soft engineering techniques in Sikkim (IPR, Govt. of Sikkim, nd, pp. 68-70). In Sikkim, 440 villages were identified as problem villages which needed immediate supply of safe drinking water. The government, in between 1985-1992, a total of 958 Water Supply Scheme at a total cost of Rs 4,700.00 lakh was sanctioned. Out of 440 villages, only 369 villages were fully covered by the end of 1992 (Ibid). The work of water treatment was also undertaken to ensure safe drinking water. Quality water testing was carried out in the stationary laboratory of Micro and Geology Department, Gangtok. By 1991, altogether 400 test works was done in the villages of Sikkim (IPR, Govt. of Sikkim, nd, pp. 124-125). Under Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) scheme, 17 water ponds, 83 irrigation channels and 355 village tanks were constructed by 1992. Besides, 42 flood protection work and 62 soil conservation work were done (No.94/Home/90, Gangtok, Tuesday 19th June, 1990, No-83). The concrete Hume pipes and HDPE pipes in the damages of the open channels due to landslides and sinking areas were extensively used. Under Seventh Five Year Plan, additional irrigation potential of 6359 hectares was created and corresponding to 5530 hectares of potential was utilized. Nearly 375 numbers of channels totaling approximately 455 Kms in length was also created (Sikkim Herald, 26th January, 1993, Vol-37, No-4). The river bank protection works to various towns and bazaar like Melli, Singtam, Jorethang, Rongli, Kalej Khola, Sirwani, Dikchu, Reshi, Legship and Sumbuk Kartikey was done (IPR, Govt. of Sikkim, nd, pp. 69-70).
Major works in the town of Gangtok and other rural marketing centres was also taken up.