4-18-17(added 5/1 Parenthood Caveat to breast feeding- "Is breast truly best? Estimating the effects of breastfeeding on long term child health…" Two different siblings one breastfeeding one not, found no real differences Claim that all the benefits are exaggerated Be careful with Messaging Women who reported receiving support for breastfeeding that they characterized as negative were at a higher risk for developing postpartum depression Recommendation to not supplement, but experimental evidence suggests this is bad advice Basically pushing new mothers to breastfeed can cause harm and make breastfeeding harder Epigenetics: studies changes in genes and gene expression due to environmental factors Rat moms Grooming led to activation in the glucocorticoid receptor gene What about humans? Romanian Orphanage studies Nurturing increases brain size Attachment style vs attachment parenting Post Partum Depression Depression- sadness, lack of interest, changing in eating, sleep and energy, feelings of worthlessness Port Partum depression- feeling disconnected from baby, worried about something happening to the baby, worried you will hurt your baby, feeling guilty Can occur in pregnancy through first year
3-6 months post partum 41.% of mothers and 25.% of new fathers report symptoms of depression Post Partum Psychosis Extremely rare .1% of births Sudden onset of delusions, hallucinations, irritability, hyperactivity, paranoia Rarely will result in harming self and or baby Why? Breast milk is amazing o Create a healthier microbe survey o Feedback between mother and baby Benefits to mother: o Quicker recovery from childbirth, reduced risk of cancer Benefits to child: o Less likely to be obese, develop asthma, be diagnosed with autoimmune disease and childhood cancer o High cognitive ability, IQ, less hyperactivity o Fewer colds/illnesses What about humans: Attachment The Strange Situation o Primary caregiver and infant in an unfamiliar room o Mother plays with baby o Stranger enters, plays with baby o Mother leaves o Stranger leaves o Mother returns, etc. Attachment Styles Secure: home base, easily soothed, look for mother Avoidant: ignore mothers Ambivalent: greet mothers, but also reject Disorganized: inconsistent, disorganized Attachment vs. Attachment Parenting Attachment Parenting o Breastfeed o No crying o Share your bed o Wear your baby Attachment Parenting
Breastfeed o No empirical evidence that it impacts secure attachment No crying o No evidence that techniques like “sleep training” harm children o Sleep training (teaching the child to put itself back to sleep) is related to positive effects in some studies Share your bed o Small SIDS increase o Doesn’t affect attachment o Recommended: share a room with baby Wear your baby Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) States must have something that meets the minimum FMLA core details Federal Law (Dept. of Labor) Guarantees up to 12 weeks unpaid leave for: o Birth of a child; adopt a child (or new foster child) o
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- Spring '08