greater sustainability of conservation programmes. Prospects for sustaining biodiversity in China will be heavily influenced by socio-political factors which, in tum, can be expected to reflect economic considerations. Biodiversity conservation has become a major international issue. This is underlined by the establishment of the international Convention on Biological Diversity, as a result of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. It is, however, one thing to adopt conventions and another to put them into practice. Because the major part of the globe's remaining biodiversity exists in less developed countries, particularly in tropical and subtropical zones, success in maintaining biodiversity will depend significantly on the success of conservation programmes in these countries and areas. Unfortunately, from an economic viewpoint, less developed countries are not well placed for nature conservation. Reasons include the following:
2 (1) Because per capita incomes in less developed countries are low, economic growth is likely to be favoured even when it is at the expense of nature conservation. Individuals with low income usually regard conservation of nature and biodiversity as a luxury. (2) Even though practices exploiting or mining nature may be unsustainable, local people may fail to appreciate this (Cf. Tisdell, 1986). They may therefore favour such practices. (3) Even though local people may realise that their economic exploitation of nature is unsustainable, they may discount the future very heavily (Tisdell, 1991, Sec. 4.7) or have no other viable economic alternatives to such exploitation.
- Summer '20
- Dr joseph
- Yunnan, biodiversity conservation, Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve, situ Biodiversity Conservation