What are basic emotions what is the adaptive value of

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What are basic emotions? What is the adaptive value of having universal basic emotions and emotional expressions?
Describe the differences that researchers have found between men and women when it comes to relationship and sex. How do evolutionary psychologist explain these sex differences?
oEvolutionary perspective: Buss & Schmitt (1993): men and women seek different things when it comes to sex, relationshipsEx: short-term vs long term interests Male- more interested in short-term Female- more interested in long term Short term more in men than women Ex preferred # of sexual partners Men a lot more partners than women (long term)Ex: if conditions were right would you consider having sex with someone you viewed as desirable if you had known that person for Men: short-term more interested than womenWhy would individual differences exist, from an evolutionary perspective?oEnvironmental differences activate common mechanisms differently CallusesoContingencies among traits Trait expression may depend on other traitsEg: aggressive vs non aggressive social interactionLarger body aggressive more successfulSmaller body non-aggressive more successful Evolution selects what works, not necessarily what is ideal How could the Big 5 traits be seen as adaptive answers to evolutionary pressures? Big 5 traits = solutions to evolutionary problems? ("correct" solution depends on context)Agreeableness cooperation vs. acting selfishlyWho will be a good cooperator and a loyal friend/romanticNeuroticism responds to exclusionExtraversion short-term vs. long-term mating strategiesConscientiousness delayed gratification/goal pursuit vs. impulsivity/immediate evolutionary benefitsOpenness new strategies vs. tried & trueEllis et al. (2002)Are the big five correlated with evolutionary adaptive characteristics?High agreeableness: cooperative, devoted, in loveHigh extraversion: "social climbers", leadersHigh conscientiousness: dependable, well organized, potential for future $Chapter 9: Psychoanalytic Approaches to Personality Which psychologist is most prominently associated with psychoanalysis?
Freud Describe the basic framework of psychoanalytic theory. Be sure to include the following concepts:

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