The dust was very hazardous to the health and to living creating further misery

The dust was very hazardous to the health and to

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The dust was very hazardous to the health and to living, creating further misery. The Frazier-Lemke Farm Bankruptcy Act, passed in 1934, made possible a suspension of  mortgage foreclosure for five years, but it was voided in 1935 by the Supreme Court. In 1935, FDR set up the Resettlement Administration, charged with the task of removing near- farmless farmers to better land. Alien and Sedition Acts (War of 1812) Alien and Sedition Acts- Alien Act- President could deport any alien thought to be dangerous to  the peace and safety of the United States. Sedition Act- Made illegal to write or say anything  false, scandalous, or malicious about the United States. With the  Alien Laws , Federalists therefore raised the residence requirements for aliens who  wanted to become citizens from five to fourteen years, a law that violated the traditional  American policy of open-door hospitality and speedy assimilation.  Another law let the president deport dangerous aliens during peacetime and jail them during  times of war. Radical Reconstruction When Andrew Johnson took power, the radicals thought that he would do what they wanted, but  he soon proved them wrong by basically taking Lincoln’s policy and issuing his own  Reconstruction proclamation: certain leading Confederates were disfranchised (right to vote  removed), the Confederate debt was repudiated, and states had to ratify the 13th Amendment. The  Reconstruction Act  of March 2, 1867 divided the South into five military zones, temporarily disfranchised tens of thousands of former Confederates, and laid down new guidelines for the  readmission of states (Johnson had announced the Union restored, but Congress had not yet  formally agreed on this).  All states had to approve the 14th Amendment, making all Blacks citizens.
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All states had to guarantee full suffrage of all male former slaves. The  15th Amendment , passed by Congress in 1869, gave Blacks their right to vote. In the case  Ex parte Milligan  (1866), the Supreme Court ruled that military tribunals could not try civilians, even during wartime, if there were civil courts available. By 1870, all of the states had complied with the standards of Reconstruction, and in 1877, the last  of the states were given their home rule back, and Reconstruction ended.  The end of Reconstruction was part of the  Compromise of 1877 —the two presidential  candidates were at a stalemate and the only way to break the stalemate was with a deal. In the deal, the North got their president (Rutherford B. Hayes) and the South got the military to  pull-out (abandon?) the South and the former slaves, thus ending Reconstruction.
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