midterm review - final copy

Later commentaries portrayed her as bisexual or just

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later commentaries portrayed her as bisexual, or just a slut her legacy survived for those who could read ancient Greek Readings Sex and Society by Ellen Ross and Rayna Rapp - image of an onion to describe the “permeation of culture in the human experience” of sexuality the onion does not exist without the layers that comprise it sexuality cannot be abstracted from its surrounding social layers (1) kinship degrees of incest, acceptable marriage partners, inheritance patterns (2) community / social relationships traditions of sexual prescription; courting behavior, ritual prohibitions, and sexual socialization communities are the loci not only of the regulation of sexual partners and practices, but for the transmission of sexual knowledge as well (3) world system large-scale social institutions and forces may appear distant and abstract, but they actually influence the intimate experiences people have, defining the circumstances under which shifting sexual mores are played out national laws, economic or demographic change, shifting town/country relations, religion legal systems provide a material background against which sexual relations are played out, whether they affect sexuality directly (i.e. legitimacy clauses, the outlaw of abortion, prostitution codes) or at a distance (i.e. welfare and the responsibilities of fathers) these set up the external limits on sexual experience and give shape to individual and group behavior - the seemingly most intimate details of private existence are actually structured by larger social relations - the bare biological facts of sexuality do not speak for themselves, they must be expressed socially - primogeniture : the eldest born male has full inheritance rights
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Week 2 - night-courting : young unmarried men gather at a central place on Saturday nights and set off on a round of visits to the houses of the village’s unmarried women, hoping to leave their number (France, Germany, Switzerland, Scandinavia, etc.) - concubinage : the open acknowledgement of illicit sexual relations and paternity, with support for mother and child - throughout Europe and in America, the mid to late 19 th century witnessed a hardening of legal definitions of sexual outcasts, as sexual behavior came under increasing state and cultural surveillance 1834 Bastardy Clauses undermined the father’s legal obligations assigned financial responsibility solely to the mother changed the sexual balance of power - the availability of wage labor in general made it possible for larger proportions of people to marry by the 19 th century and for marriage to take place at earlier ages as couples could support themselves without waiting for sizable dowries or inheritances - from as early as the 12 th century, towns had provided foci for the formation of male homosexual subcultures less visible were lesbian subgroups, who had far less independence than men and fewer resources on which to base their subcultures -
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