Speech Errors ▫ Slips of the Tongue , Hand, "Freudian" slips 11/3/10 • Errors are ▫ not random - they're systematic ▫ only some of all the possible kinds of errors actually happen ▫ and some types of errors are much commoner than others Error patterns provide us clues about the system and how it works
Some Things Errors Tell Us That toy sure makes a great mouse. That toy sure makes a great mouse . That mouse sure makes a great toy . • We sometimes say a word too early (= Anticipation ) ▫ So, the word must be “in mind” & “ready” to say well ahead of its time ▫ Planning : This is what allows us to speak fluently much of the time
How far ahead is this plan? • Sometimes not far enough! ▫ Your mouth catches up to the end of what you have planned ▫ You pause or stumble if you start to say a word before it's "ready” Pauses, filled pauses, & dysfluencies more likely before harder- 81 to-retrieve words Listeners know this & make predictions based on it ▫ Occasionally start wemto say a word before fully deciding between options The drug laws have gotten much stuffer ... I mean, tougher (stiffer). It’s a parial … a parallel process (serial)
• What else does That toy sure makes a great mouse show? ▫ We sometimes say a word later than intended ▫ Perseveration errors Especially if : ▫ The word that should go in that position is already "used up" & a word that was supposed to go earlier is still "available “ ▫ Exchange errors • Some more errors : ▫ Work is the curse of the drinking class. ▫ Freud made a Fordian slip. ▫ Imagine getting your model renosed. • So, parts of words can slip. What kinds of parts? • Morphemes , usually
• And some more errors : ▫ With this wing I thee red. ▫ Children sure can wreck your knife light. • So, individual phonemes can slip • Are all kinds of sounds equally likely to slip? No. ▫ The single most common kind of slip is the exchange of first The single most common kind of slip is the exchange of first consonant or consonant cluster of 2 words – onset switch We're supposed to get flow snurries today. ▫ Spoonerism You’ve tasted the whole worm. May I sow you to a sheat? ▫ Errors on vowels/nuclei ( burst of beaden ) & final consonants/coda ( knife light ) much rarer
Some More Types of Errors Target Outcome Addition: impossible > implossible Deletion: processing > prossing Shift: It sure runs out fast. > It sure run outs fast. Strand: Drink is the curse of > Work is the curse of (+Exchange) the working class. the drinking class. Substitution: Liszt's Second > Liszt's Second Hungarian Rhapsody Hungarian restaurant Malapropism (= amusing whole-word substitution)
W (Dubya in action) • A tax cut is really one of the anecdotes to coming out of an economic illness • I'm a person who recognizes the fallacy of 85 humans.
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