PSYC 168 Final Exam Study Guide.pdf

Bipolar disorder show a change from usual behavior

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Bipolar Disorder : show a change from usual behavior overactivity or distractibility, inappropriate sexual behavior; periods of sadness, change in appetite and suicidal ideation Differential diagnosis of Conduct Disorder vs. Oppositional Defiant Disorder vs. Intermittent Explosive Disorder
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ODD: - Duration; 6 months - Settings: At least 1 setting. - Symptoms (4 must be present): Angry, irritable, argumentative, defiant, vindictive (need to have at least 4 symptoms) *they also are not directly hurting people like with CD; ODD can turn into CD - ^Cannot be directed at a sibling - Must negatively impair social, educational, and/or occupational functioning - Severities: - Mild: Symptoms are confined to only one setting (e.g., at home, at school, at work, with peers). - Moderate: Some symptoms are present in at least two settings. - Severe: Some symptoms are present in three or more settings. Conduct Disorder: - A. Behavior that disrupts the basic rights of others; societal norms are violated; must have the presence of 3 of the 15 criteria in the past 12 months as well as at least 1 criterion present in the past 6 months: - Aggression to people and animals (7 criterias); Destruction of property (2 criterias); Deceitfulness or theft (3 criterias); serious violations of rules (3 criterias) - B. disturbances causes “clinically significant impairment in social, academic or occupational functioning” - Severities: - Mild: Few if any conduct problems in excess of those required to make the diagnosis are present, and conduct problems cause relatively minor harm to others (e.g., lying, truancy, staying out after dark without permission, other rule breaking).
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- Moderate: The number of conduct problems and the effect on others intermediate between those specified in “mild” and those in “severe” (e.g., stealing without confronting a victim, vandalism). - Severe: Many conduct problems in excess of those required to make the diagnosis are present, or conduct problems cause considerable harm to others (e.g., forced sex, physical cruelty, use of a weapon, stealing while confronting a victim, breaking and entering) - M5_DiagnosticCriteria_ConductDisorder.pdf Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Operant Conditioning : remove positive or negative reinforcement of behavior Positive/negative reinforcement/punishment Classical Conditioning: dissolve triggers Baby Albert Social learning: new environments Ways of thinking: challenge distorted beliefs Motivational Interviewing/Therapy (MI) Motivational Interviewing: Psychotherapeutic approach aims to move an individual away from a state of indecision and help individual to find motivation in making positive decisions as he or she aims to accomplish goal. Motivational Therapy (MT) Usually use for depression Rolls with resistance and avoid argumentation Support any commitments to change, no matter how small Promote self-efficacy Autism!
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