When speaking people from various european countries

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Mastering Competencies in Family Therapy: A Practical Approach to Theory and Clinical Case Documenta
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Chapter 4 / Exercise 03
Mastering Competencies in Family Therapy: A Practical Approach to Theory and Clinical Case Documenta
Gehart
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when speaking, people from various European countries tend to stand quite close to the person with whom they are speaking while Americans tend to step away-offering per- sonal space. Interestingly, Americans often convey sexual or romantic interest when they step close to someone with whom they are speaking. People use nonverbal communication to express their feel- ings and emotions. While the value of this may be increased in some cultures, the ability to interpret nonverbal communi- cation is critical for successful relationships in most cultures. Common methods of nonverbal communication used in rela- tionships can include all the following: • Touch • Glances • Eye contact (gaze) • Vocal nuance • Vocal volume • Proximity • Gestures • Facial expressions • Intonation • Dress • Posture • Smell • Sounds Flirting happens through a variety of communication cues- many of them nonverbal and associated with body language.
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Mastering Competencies in Family Therapy: A Practical Approach to Theory and Clinical Case Documenta
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Chapter 4 / Exercise 03
Mastering Competencies in Family Therapy: A Practical Approach to Theory and Clinical Case Documenta
Gehart
Expert Verified
456 communication privacy management theory Idea that the revelation of private information in a relationship has the potential to leave individuals feeling vulnerable or resentful regarding the shared information. HUMAN SEXUALITY Nonverbal communication can serve the following functions: • To repeat a verbal message (e.g., pointing in a specific direction while stating driving or walking directions). • To accent a verbal message (e.g., verbal tone can indicate the meaning of some words). This is why writing can also create misunderstanding. When people are reading words, they can often misunderstand meaning because they are speaking in a different tone than what the author intended. • To complement or to contradict a verbal message (e.g., a nod can reinforce a posi- tive message and a wink can contradict a stated message). • To offer cues to convey when another person should speak or not speak. • To substitute a verbal message (e.g., gestures such as putting a finger to a closed mouth to indicate "be quiet" or nodding in place of saying "yes"). Nonverbal behaviors are also important in how people express romantic or sexual interest (Moore, 201 O). One of these behaviors is flirting, which easily can be misinter- preted because it is often inherently vague. Though people can flirt verbally, nonverbal flirting plays a significant role. Flirtatious behaviors convey initial interest in potential partners. They can also be used effectively to pace a dating relationship. Additionally, people in established relationships can use flirting to interject some fun (Moore, 201 O). Research shows that women often initiate the first flirtatious behaviors. One study estimated that in approximately two-thirds of cases, women made the first move. Neither gender, however, dominates in flirting behavior during dating or courtship (Perper, 1985).

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