A system hacking assumes that the attacker already

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a. System hacking assumes that the attacker already has access to a user account b. Remote hacking involves remotely trying to penetrate a computer system via the Internet c. Physical hacking requires that an agent personally enter a facility 2. Social Engineering is another popular method of obtaining valuable corporate information. Social Engineering is tricking or fooling individuals into revealing their passwords or other valuable corporate information. a. Shoulder surfing is when someone looks over an employee’s shoulder to obtain a password b. Password guessing is self-explanatory 3. Dumpster diving is a messy but very successful way to acquire trade secrets. Once trash is discarded onto a public street or alley, it is considered fair game.
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4. Whacking is wireless hacking. 5. Phone Eavesdropping is yet another tool for CI agents. A person with a digital recording device can monitor and record a fax line. G. Discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, marital status, sexual orientation, public assistance status, disability, age, national origin, or veteran status is illegal in the United States. A company in the United States can be sued for discrimination if it: a. Refuses to hire an individual for discriminatory reasons b. Maintains a system of employment that unreasonably excludes an individual from employment c. Unreasonably discharges an individual d. Discriminates against an individual with respect to hiring, employment terms, promotion, or privileges of employment as it relates to discrimination 1. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) handles discrimination filings. 2. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act specifically outlaws hiring practices that discriminate against people 40 years of age or older, as well as those that require employees to retire before the age of 70. 3. Many companies have initiated affirmative action programs, which involve efforts to recruit, hire, train, and promote qualified individuals from groups that have traditionally been discriminated against on the basis of race, gender, or other characteristics. These programs may be mandated from the federal level, but many companies opt to implement them voluntarily. Discrimination can also be an ethical issue in business when companies use race or other personal factors to discriminate against specific groups of customers. H. Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination that violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. It is defined as a repeated, unwanted behavior of a sexual nature perpetrated upon one individual by another. 1. To establish sexual harassment, an employee must understand the definition of a hostile work environment , for which three criteria must be met: a. The conduct was unwelcome b. The conduct was severe, pervasive, and regarded by the claimant as so hostile or offensive as to alter his or her conditions of employment c. The conduct was such that a reasonable person would find it hostile or offensive 2. The key ethical issue within sexual harassment is called dual relationship , which is defined as a personal, loving, and/or sexual relationship with someone with whom you share professional responsibilities. An unethical dual relationship is one where the relationship causes a conflict of interest or risk of impairment to professional judgment. Consent is created if any sexual relationship is considered mutual.
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