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The second party was created by Jackson those who opposed Jackson because the Democrats supported republicanism ideas and the new Whigs supported old Federalist ideasSECOND TWO-PARTY SYSTEM OVERVIEWDemocrats v. Whigs, 1836 - 1850DemocratsWhigs1.The party of tradition. 2.Looked backward to the past. 3.Spoke to the fears of Americans 4.Opposed banks and corporations as. state-legislated economic privilege. 5.Opposed state-legislated reforms and preferred individual freedom of choice. 6.Were Jeffersonian agrarians who favored farms and rural independence andthe right to own slaves. 7.Favored rapid territorial expansion over space by purchase or war. 8.Believed in progress through external growth. 9.Democratic ideology of agrarianism, slavery, states rights, territorial expansion was favored in the South. 1.The party of modernization. 2.Looked forward to the future. 3.Spoke to the hopes of Americans. 4.Wanted to use federal and state government to promote economic growth, especially transportation and banks. 5.Advocated reforms such as temperance and public schools and prison reform. 6.Were entrepreneurs who favored industry and urban growth and free labor. 7.Favored gradual territorial expansion over time and opposed the Mexican War. 8.Believed in progress through internal growth 9.Whig ideology of urbanization, industrialization, federal rights, commercial expansion was favored in the North. Look at the chart on page 198. Who supported the Democratic Party? Who supported the Whig Party?
1.Fear of cults, fear of freemasons, fear of secret societies and fraternities2.The first third party in America3.Introduced nominating parties and conventions which were embraced by the main parties4.More regional, starting in NY, in New England, most blended into American PartyThe Anti-Masonic Partyfirst appeared in the 1832 presidential elections. This party opposed the influence and secrecy of the Masonic order, a private group renowned for its many famous members. The ideals of the Anti-Masonics were similar to those of the Jacksonians, but since Jackson was himself a member of the Masonic order, the Anti-Masonic party was essentially an anti-Jackson party.