Describe sex differences in brain structure and

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Describe sex differences in brain structure and function. What is plasticity of the nervous system? Explain how environmental factors, including experience, influence genetic expression. What is the difference between a genotype and a phenotype? Discuss the goals and methods of behavioral genetics. Why are adoption studies important for the study of behavioral genetics? What are differences between monozygotic and dizygotic twins? Explain how the study of split brain contributes to understanding the functions of the cerebral hemispheres. Consciousness (Chapter 4, 10 Questions) Define consciousness. Explain how brain activity gives rise to consciousness. Discuss how unconscious processes influence thought and behavior. Describe the neurochemical, psychological, and behavioral effects of stimulants, depressants, opioids/narcotics, hallucinogens/psychedelics, and other commonly used drugs. Identify physiological and psychological factors associated with addiction What is hypnosis? According to research on hypnosis, what is the most important factor for hypnosis to work? What are the differences among coma, permanent vegetative state, brain death, and minimally conscious state? What is meditation? What are the symptoms of narcolepsy? What are the differences among transient insomnia, idiopathic insomnia and iatrogenic insomnia? What is a circadian rhythm? What area of the brain known to generate the body’s circadian rhythm? What are the roles of hypocretin/orexin and adenosine in arousal? Which would be higher around bedtime? Which would be higher when we’re alert during the day? How does caffeine work to increase arousal? Describe the electroencephalogram (EEG) activity (e.g., alpha, beta, k-complexes, sleep spindles, and delta waves) that we observe when a person is awake and going through different sleep
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General Psychology / Fall 2018 / Exam #1 Review Sheet / Page 4 stages. Compare differences in body and brain activity, behavior, and cognition between slow- wave and REM sleep. Why is REM sleep called paradoxical sleep?
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