kidnappings crime cartels drug trade MEXICO HAS

Kidnappings crime cartels drug trade mexico has

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MEXICO HAS HUNDREDS — AND POSSIBLY THOUSANDS — OF GANGS Protesters join friends and family members of the 43 missing students of Ayotzinapa, Mexico, on the third year of their disappearance during marches held throughout 2017 in Mexico City. | (clockwise from top right) Miguel Tovar; Yuri Cortez; Manuel Velasquez/Getty Images In 2013, a record 1,700 kidnappings took place, according to data from the Mexican National System of Public Security ( SNSP ). Kidnappings fell briefly thereafter, dipping to 1,069 in 2015, but they are starting to climb again. Nearly 1,200 kidnappings occurred in Mexico last year . Between January and March 2018 , almost 400 people were kidnapped. The kidnapping surge in Mexico is fueled in large part by the insatiable US demand for drugs. Mexican criminal organizations require extensive personnel and vast caches of assault rifles and other weapons — 70 percent of which come from the US — to defend their “plazas” (strategic points along the drug supply chain) from other gangs and from the Mexican police and military. It’s a costly part of the drug trade, financially as well as in lives lost. Beginning around 2006, criminal groups began to use kidnappings — and the ransom money they got from desperate families — to help fund those activities, according to Víctor Manuel Sánchez Valdés, a research professor
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9/26/19, 10)57 AM Mexico has a kidnapping problem. And itʼs getting worse. - Vox Page 4 of 9 OF ORGANIZED KIDNAPPERS at the Autonomous University of Coahuila, Mexico. “They had to find other sources of income, which gave the hitmen in these groups carte blanche to participate in activities like kidnapping and extortion,” he said. Kidnappings in Mexico have surged since 2005 Number of kidnappings Source: SNSP And Rodrigo Nieto Gomez, a research professor at the Naval Postgraduate School in California, told me that the skills drug dealers use in their daily lives work for kidnappings too. “Basically, if you know how to run a drug smuggling operation, you know and own 90 percent of what you need to be a secuestrador [kidnapper],” he told me. Kidnapping is booming in Mexico, but the victims aren’t who you’d think Kidnapping has been a problem in Mexico for decades, but it’s gotten much, much worse in recent years. Between 2000 and 2006, there were about 400 kidnappings a year, which, while still a lot, pales in comparison to current numbers. After 2007, as organized crime fragmented and groups faced more competition from rival organizations, abductions increased by almost 200 percent, according to SNSP data. In the ’90s, most kidnapping gangs were made up of police officers, both active and retired,
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9/26/19, 10)57 AM Mexico has a kidnapping problem. And itʼs getting worse. - Vox Page 5 of 9 who targeted the affluent citizens of Mexico’s business and political elite. The high-profile kidnapping in 1994 of Alfredo Harp Helú , a Mexican entrepreneur whose family paid $30 million for his release, typifies this trend.
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