Navy and the tokugawa shogunate the treaty opened the

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Navy and the Tokugawa shogunate. The treaty opened the Japanese ports of Shimodaand Hakodate to United States trade and guaranteed the safety of shipwrecked U.S.sailors; however, the treaty did not create a basis for establishing a permanent residencein these locations.[1] The treaty did establish a foundation for the Americans to maintaina permanent consul in Shimoda. The arrival of the fleet would trigger the end of Japan's200 year policy of seclusion (Sakoku).[2] English text of the Kanagawa Treaty.Perryinitially refused to deal with Japanese officials and demanded to speak with theJapanese Head of State. At the time, Shogun Tokugawa Ieyoshi was the de-facto ruler ofJapan; for the Emperor to interact in any way with foreigners was out of the question.Perry concluded the treaty with representatives of the Shogun, led by plenipotentiaryHayashi Akira (林韑?) and the text was reluctantly endorsed subsequently by Emperor
Komei.[3]The Treaty was ratified on 21 February 1855.[4]b.24.Fillmorea.Millard Fillmore (January 7, 1800 – March 8, 1874) was the 13th President of the UnitedStates (1850–1853) and the last member of the Whig Party to hold the office ofpresident. As Zachary Taylor's Vice President, he assumed the presidency after Taylor'sdeath.Fillmore opposed the proposal to keep slavery out of the territories annexedduring the Mexican–American War in order to appease the South and so supported theCompromise of 1850, which he signed, including the Fugitive Slave Act ("BloodhoundLaw") which was part of the compromise. On the foreign policy front, he furthered therising trade with Japan and clashed with the French over Napoleon III's attempt to annexHawaii and with the French and the British over the attempt of Narciso López to invadeCuba. After his presidency, he joined the Know-Nothing movement; throughout the CivilWar, he opposed President Abraham Lincoln and during Reconstruction supportedPresident Andrew Johnson. He is consistently included in the bottom 10 of historicalrankings of Presidents of the United States.Fillmore co-founded the University atBuffalo[2] and helped found the Buffalo Historical Society, and Buffalo General Hospital.b.25.Matthew Perrya.Matthew Calbraith Perry[Note 1] (April 10, 1794 – March 4, 1858) was a Commodore ofthe U.S. Navy and commanded a number of ships. He served in several wars, mostnotably in the Mexican-American War and the War of 1812. He played a leading role inthe opening of Japan to the West with the Convention of Kanagawa in 1854. Perry wasvery concerned with the education of naval officers and helped develop an apprenticesystem that helped establish the curriculum at the United States Naval Academy. Withthe advent of the steam engine, he became a leading advocate of modernizing the U.S.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Zhang

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