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on risk that may affect one member of the family it works to improve the family as a whole based on the fact that one family member can affect the whole family based on their actions.The systems perspective also focused on the family as a whole, however, controlled the information flow and didn't focus on developmental stages. The developmental perspective was also one that provided good information as it focused on current developmental stages, however, it was task oriented, which didn't seem to cover as much as Gordon's theory. The risk factor perspective only focused on risk and may leave out current issues.Edelman, C. & Mandle, C. (2010). Health Promotion Throughout the Life Span (7th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby. ISBN: 978-0-32305662-5Reply| Quote & ReplyNov 04, 2015 05:29 PM0 LikeJudith Isinta 4 postsRe:Topic 4 DQ 2The three perspective theories include the systems theory, the family risk factors theory and the family developmental theory, The Systems theory explains patterns ofliving among the individuals who make up family systems, behaviors and family members' responses influence patterns. Family development theory evaluates developmental stages, although reflective of traditional nuclear families and extended family networks, also apply to nontraditional family configurations. For example, couples may marry and bring children from a previous marriage to a blended family that works toward achieving developmental tasks of couples along with family stages for the children. Family risk factors theory, risk factors can be inferred from (1) lifestyle; (2) biological factors; (3) environmental factors; (4) social, psychological, cultural, and spiritual dimensions; and (5) the health care system. Lifestyle habits such as overeating, drug dependency, high sugar and cholesterol intake, and smoking influence health outcomes. Biological risk factors may include the elements of genetic inheritance, congenital malformation, and mental retardation. (Edelman, Mandle 175)The theoretical perspective that guides the nursing process with assessment of the family that I find more favorable than others is the Risk factors. First because the theory itself addresses all day to day challenges that a family may be experiencing, Risk-factor theory also considers families a pivotal part of the environment and also
an important support system used to decrease health risks for individuals. To reducerisk factors, nurses help families focus on influencing health behaviors of their members (Edelman 175) With nurses guidance families are able to identify their riskfactors and modify their behaviors/lifestyles to prevent illness promote, restore health, For example heart disease is a high risk factor in African American, a nurse will help identify modifiable risk factors with family like sedentary lifestyle, high fat diet and encourage physical activity as well as healthy diets.