complete observer only observes doesnt participate 2 complete participant fully

Complete observer only observes doesnt participate 2

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complete observer- only observes doesn’t participate 2. complete participant – fully participates 3. semi participant – participates to some degree Strategy for entering
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Planning – different sites have different level of entry. Gatekeeper is someone with formal or informal authority to control access to s site. Negotiation is done, ethical ask Negotiating- social relations are negotiated and formed through out process of field work. Deviant groups and elites require special negotatiton Disclosing – researcher must decide how much to reveal . covert observer studies group secretly without member knowing. Overt is opposite Adopting Social role and learning the ropes Presentation of self – researcher must decide how he will present himself. It can influence results Researcher as an instrument - 1. It puts pressure on researcher to be alert and sensitive. 2. It also has personal consequences An attitude of Strangeness- when in familiar setting it is easy to be blinded because of the familiarity. A culture shok makes it easier to see cultural elements and leads to self discovery. Attitude of strangeness – changing mental thoughts to see like the outsider. This way they develop an insider and outsider opinion. Building rapport a field researcher builds rapport by getting along with memebers of study, settings can contain fear and tension. Charm and trust needs to be built for rapport Understanding – rapport helps researchers understand members Roles in the field Pre existing vs created – existing role to provide acces to all areas of the site. Change role to take active role maybe to gain acceptance Limits on role chosen – ascriptive features (race, age, gencer) and physical features limit roles. And affect acess. Females have hard time in male dominant areas. Go native – when researcher gets too involved Normalizing social research – make people being studied more comfortable Maintaining relations Social relations - time changes relationships, monitors how actions may affect members Small favours- exchange relationship develop in the field, deferene and reference = small favours Conflicts in the field - can errupt Appearing interested – researchers maintain relations in a field by pretending to be interested even if they aren’t/ selective attention is also apart of being polite. Observing and collecting data Observing – pay attention watch and listen carefully. Observation in field research is often detailed and tedious. They record such detail because something significant might be revealed. A field researcher notes aspects of physical appearance such as
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neatness, dress, and hairstyle. Behavior is also significant. Are they standing stiffy? Who was present? Serendipity – has 2 implications first is the importance of keen observation and excellent notes at all times even when nothing happens. Next is the importance of looking back over time and learning to appreciate wait time.
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  • Fall '15
  • StephenLin
  • Sociology, Qualitative Research, researcher

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