F most were middle aged women often widowed with few

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F.Most were middle aged women, often widowed, with few or no
childrenG.Accused witches were of low social position, were often involvedin domestic conflicts, had frequently been accused of other crimes, and were abrasive by their neighbors H.Other women had come into possession of substantial property oftheir own and thus challenged the gender norms of the community I.New Englanders believed in the power of Satan. Belief in witchcraft was not a marginal superstition rejected by the mainstream.v.Cities 1.Two largest ports Philadelphia and New York 2.Served as trading centers for the famers of their regions and as marts for international commere 3.Cities were the centers of what industry existed in the colonies4.Location of the most advanced schools and sophisticated cultural activities and of shop5.In addition, they were communities with urban social problems: crime, vice, pollution, traffic. s where imported goods could be brought vi.Taverns and Coffeehouses 1.The taverns and coffeehouses of cities provided forums in which people could gather and debate the issues of the dayXIII.Inequality A.“Some must be rich and some poor,” John Winthrop wrote in the early seventeenth century, and his prediction perhaps exceeded his expectationsB.Wealthy people had special privileges. i.Elites were called ladies and gentlemen ii.Given best seats in their churches and had influence over their parish iii.Church taught inequality reflected God’s intention C.unlike in later eras, the rich were the largest sector of the population, and in Boston in the eighteenth century, the majority.i.Wealthy participate in commerce and move into cities. XIV.Awakenings and Enlightenments A.stressed the importance of science and human reasonB.suggested that people had substantial control over their own lives and societies.XV. The Patterns Of Religions
A.Religious toleration flourished in America to a degree unmatched in any European nation. i.Settler brought with them so many different religious practices that it proved impossible to impose a single religious code on any large area.B.Numerous Sects i.the laws establishing the Church of England as the official colonial religion were largely ignoredii.there was a growing tendency in the eighteenth century for different congregations to affiliate with different denominationiii.Dutch created Calvinist denomination.iv.American Baptist developed a great variety of sects and shared the belief that rebaptism, usually by total immersion, was necessary when believers reached maturity.C.Rights of the Catholics i.New Englanders, in particular, viewed their Catholic neighbors in New France (Canada) not only as commercial and military rivals but also as dangerous agents of Romeii.Roman Catholics were too few to cause serious conflict.iii.They were most numerous in Maryland, where they numbered 3,000.

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