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Copd emphysema and bronchitis increase of carbonic

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COPD (emphysema and bronchitis) = increase of carbonic acid=respiratory acidosisDiagnostic Tests:-Arterial Blood Gases, complete blood count, sputum, biopsy, chest X RAY, CT, MRIscans !!!Pulmonary Function Test (definitive tests), Endoscopy (when smokersdevelop plugspost opesp.If they don't follow directions and smoke up until the day of their surgery)Incentive spirometer - INHALEEmphysema “trapping disease” vs. Bronchitis (alveoli vs airway problem)Bronchodilators BEFORE corticosteroids: 1st relax airway...to then add any othermedications1st sign of hypoxia: anxiety, restlessness, confusionLate sign or hypoxia: cyanosisTripod position:assumed by people in respiratory distress (!!!children needassessment immediately)Common signs of inadequate Oxygenation: low energy, nasal flaring (esp.infants),accessory muscle use, cyanosis, rapid HR and hypertension, stuporNurse can give up to2L of O2without an orderHypoxemia= insufficient O2 in arterial bloodHypoxia= inadequate O2 on cellular levelHypercarbia=retention of CO2Kahoot QuestionsAnemia which is from inability to absorb iron→ Pernicious AnemiaTaking oral iron with this helps absorption→ orange juice (vitamin C)Food groups high in iron→ dark chocolate, apricots, nutsSickle cell nurse priorities → hydration, oxygen, pain controlIncr. oral intake is the therapy of choice for pernicious anemia→ false
Blood smear in iron deficiency anemia shoes this appearance→ microcytic microchromic (ironcarries heme)Priority management with severe anemia→ lightheadednessNumbness and tingles are associated most with which form of anemia→ pernicious anemia(result of the accommodating B12 deficiency)Black, tarry stool are a side effect of oral iron supplementation → FALSE (tarry is a GI bleedresult) (stools that are dark are a result, the tarry characteristic is what makes this false)Fetal hemoglobin can protect infants from sickle cell for up to 6 months: TRUE

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