Sold over 100000 copies alice coltrane uses

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sold over 100,000 copies Alice Coltrane Uses unorthodox instrumentation that draws on middle eastern instruments such as the  oud Built around a groove and a basic motivic idea that is develop tenor saxophonist  Pharaoh Saunders Coltrane helped establish the harp as a lead instrument in jazz Ornette Coleman Free jazz conceptually was introduced with the 1960 album “Free Jazz” (featuring  Ornette Coleman and a double cortet) His musical vision was to progress jazz beyond the conventions of the time;  his albums name spoke to his intentions: “The Shape of Jazz to Come”, “Change of the  Century”; “This is Our Music” to describe his unconventional approach to composition and improvisation, Coleman  coined the term  “Harmolodics”  
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players have the freedom to improvise, transpose key at any given time during the  performance but they must still maintain the integrity of the melody he did no limit his compositional approaches to just the conventional jazz band, but also  wrote for string quartets, symphony orchestra, rock bands and other combinations of  instruments Cecil Taylor  Ornette’s major competitor First person to really establish the generation of avant garde In the early 1960s, he was considered Coleman’s biggest rival in terms of defining and  popularizing the free jazz style In 1956, he played a six-week engagement at the  Five Spot  helping establish it as a  leading forum for the avant garde Co-founded the Jazz Composers Guild to enhance the working possibilities of avant- garde jazz musicians in 1964 Used own system of notation Consisted of arrows, sketches, and other symbols that other musicians had to interpret Wrote his scores in a system called “unit structures” (system of sketches, fragments,  codes, and arrows) Musicians that played with Taylor were never given scores but were expected to interpret  his musical ideas by ear and translate them to their respective instrument Piano style was highly rhythmic and abstract; he shunned conventional jazz piano  techniques and redefined the instrument to be used in a highly percussive fashion Part of the framing of the first generation of avant-garde John Coltrane and Alice Coltrane:  their role in advancing representations of  spirituality in jazz; their experimentations with world music: Corresponding  musical examples: John Coltrane Quartet, “Acknowledgment” taken from “A Love  Supreme”; Alice Coltrane, “Journey to Satchidinanda”
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Second generation of the jazz avant garde: change in perceptions regarding avant  garde jazz during the late 1960s; key musicians associated with this shift,  important recordings from this period; Chicago as the “Second city of the avant  garde” and the musicians associated with this movement Albert Ayler
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