Deliberate statements we make to others about our

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– deliberate statements we make to others about our attitudes, goals, values Ex – shirts or bumper sticks that tells the world that what associated w/ us Sometimes people change spaces to affect how we think and how we feel Ex – picture of loved one, item w/ sentimental meaning to you but not to someone else o (2) Behavioral residue – we engage in lots of actions & subset of them leave a material trace Ex – messy desk is not something we want to communicate but a result of our behavior If asked, most people say conscientiousness can be most accurately judged from a person’s physical space o Most accurately judged personality trait from snooping around is openness to experience Who’s in the Expert’s Chair – Michal Kosinksi Digital traces include text in Tweets, Facebook status updates, likes, and social interactions w/ other people Michal mostly focuses on FB likes since it’s similar to other digital traces like websites visited or songs listened to o You can accurately predict personality and especially openness to experience Evidence has shown that Facebook self is your real self way more than in the offline world o People use a social media platform for years & don’t change their behavior every time o People use it often from home and don’t think they are being assessed when using the programs Agreeable people are more compassionate & like positive things or religious topics on Facebook o Michal also uses language in Facebook status updates to determine Big 5 traits Humans cannot easily judge people’s personality based on facial expressions, but powerful computer models can o Study used morphed faces by taking 100 people w/ the lowest score on a trait & morphed their faces o Powerful computer models make it cheaper to assess personality & can be used for psychological job assessments for people at the beginning of their careers (job matching)
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o This technology can also be Your personality can shape your face & facial expressions, but your face may also able to shape your personality o Your face might evoke a certain response from people that reflects on your social interactions Extroverted face doesn’t show nostrils on pics – people take pictures from above to make face look better Testosterone – makes you aggressive & outgoing and less shy in a social setting o Makes your face slightly broader – humans cannot detect this, but computers can detect this change o You get computer to link personality w/ faces by getting millions of people, take pictures of their faces, and have them complete a personality questionnaire Lecture 20 – Anxiety & Depression Psychology in the News There is a strong connection btwn disturbances or disruptions in sleep and depression o It is often thought that depression causes these disruptions in sleep o It is possible that in some cases, it might be disruptions in sleep that causes depression One study trained participants to improve their sleeping – study found people had subsequent drops in depression o
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