The annual DOS Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

The annual dos country reports on human rights

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are available at . The annual DOS Country Reports on Human Rights Practices also include reporting on unlawful use of child soldiers for each state reviewed and, in recent years, provide additional information, including trends toward improvement in each state or the lack thereof and the role of the government of each state engaging in or tolerating the use of child soldiers as defined in the CSPA. The reports covering 1999-2011 are available at . Reply to the issues raised in paragraph 2 of the list of issues 4. As paragraph 50 of the second periodic report indicates, while service members under the age of 18 were deployed where imminent danger pay (IDP) or hazardous duty pay (HDP) was authorized during the period 2003-2008, none took direct part in hostilities as that term is understood by the United States according to the understanding contained in its instrument of ratification: “the phrase ‘direct part in hostilities’ — (i) means immediate and actual action on the battlefield likely to cause harm to the enemy because there is a direct causal relationship between the activity engaged in and the harm done to the enemy; and (ii) does not mean indirect participation in hostilities, such as gathering and transmitting military information, transporting weapons, munitions, or other supplies, or forward deployment.” The terms HDP and IDP as used in paragraph 50 refer to designations by the Secretary of Defense for special pay. HDP is provided as an incentive to compensate members who perform inherently dangerous duties but is not necessarily linked to situations involving hostilities. The statutory definition of “hazardous duty” includes, for example, duty involving frequent and regular participation in aerial flight, parachute jumping as an essential part of military duty, duty involving the demolition of explosives as 2
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CRC/C/OPAC/USA/Q/2/Add.1 a primary duty, including training, and duty inside a high-or low-pressure chamber. 37 USC §301(a). A service member may receive IDP when subject to hostile fire or explosion of hostile mines but also, among other situations, when the member is on duty in a foreign area in which he or she is subject to the threat of physical harm or imminent danger on the basis of civil insurrection, civil war, terrorism, or wartime conditions. 37 USC § 310(a)(2) (A) and (D). 1 A location may be designated an IDP area for a number of years on the basis of such a threat during which there are no attacks and no one takes direct part in hostilities. 5. In response to the Committee’s questions raised in paragraphs 2(a) and 2(b), during Fiscal Year (FY) 2009-2011 no individuals under the age of 18 were deployed in support of on-going operations where HDP or IDP was authorized. For the Committee’s information, three individuals under 18 were deployed in support of ongoing operations in 2009 (although not where HDP or IDP was authorized or in any way taking a direct part in hostilities); none were deployed in 2010 and 2011.
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  • Summer '16
  • Ramon Wawire
  • Armed forces

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