General Introduction

This allows them to buy machines they could otherwise

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This allows them to buy machines they could otherwise not afford. Page 1-16 Quality Assurance ¾ What is a quality product? ± Functions reliably over a long period of time ¾ When should quality of the product be ensured? ± Before: inspection of product after it has been manufactured. ± Now: Built into the part. Ensure the processes are properly controlled. ± Control processes not products ¾ Total Quality Management (TQM) and Quality Assurance ± TQM: 1980-1990 Company wide structure ± QA: different methods to assure quality ± Deming, Taguchi and Juran (contributors) ± Statistical Process Control and Control Charts Page 1-17 Global Competitiveness and Manufacturing Costs ¾ Products may be designed in one country, manufactured in several different countries, assembled in another country and then sold worldwide. ¾ Total cost of the product ± Material ± Tooling ± Labor ± Fixed costs (sales, administration) ± Capital costs (large machinery) Page 1-18 Lean Production and Agile Manufacturing ¾ Lean Production ± Efficiency and effectiveness of all operations ± Dispensability of some of its managers ± Efficiency of machinery and equipment ± Cooperation and teamwork between management and workforce ± Improves the profitability by removing all waste from the operations (zero-base waste) ¾ Agile Manufacturing ± Uses the principles of lean manufacturing on a broad scale ± Assuring flexibility Æ customization
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Page 1-19 Environmentally Conscious Design and Manufacturing ¾ Problems resulting from manufacturing ± Water and air pollution ± Acid rain ± Zone depletion ± Greenhouse effects ± Hazardous wastes ± Landfill seepage ± Global warming ¾ New laws have been and will be established ¾ Design For the Environment (DFE): ± Preventing pollution at the source ¾ Design For Recycling (DFR) ± 75% of car parts in the US (mostly metal) are recycled ± Time to disassemble a part for recycling is under study Page 1-20 Manufacturing Engineering ¾ What do Manufacturing Engineers do? ± Plan the manufacture of a product and the process to be used ± Identify the machines ± Interact with design and manufacturing engineers to minimize the production cost ± Interact with industrial engineers in plant layout
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This allows them to buy machines they could otherwise not...

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