efficient_combating_the_informal_economy.doc

77 what seems to be unquestionable is that the whole

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What seems to be unquestionable is that the whole situation is being made even more difficult by the fact that the milieu of the Italian economy has strongly been influenced (with app. 90%) presence of small and micro enterprises, where it is certain that the trade union does not have the fortitude to spread its influence. Г) SUPPORT TO ‘’GOOD’’ ENTERPRISES Apart from the repressive activities towards the firms working in an illegal way, it is necessary to accept measures which regulate and assist the firms working in a legal manner so that they could survive in the informal/grey economy surroundings and so that they would not be suffocated by the constants disloyal competition represented by those other firms. In that context, in the Region of Puglia, the Law no.28 of October 26, 2006 (the fruit of a joint trade union platform which has been rewarded by the European Union is moving towards one direction: 1) strengthening and improving the inspection activities; 2) punishing the firms which illegally cut the expenses, not only in the field of paying contributions, but also in the Occupational Health and Safety at work; 3) introducing a ‘social clause’ into the public tenders /Calls for Proposals/ and procurement for obtaining public funds (from the community, state or regional), which makes it mandatory for the employers to apply collective agreements within the sector; 4) adopting the the ‘indices of appropriateness’: the flow of the public monetary funds is being directed only to firms which respect certain paratemers /guidelines/ in advance The index of appropriateness defines, for every production sector, the relation which exists between the scope of work shown by the employer and the working hours. All employers who began their 78
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activity at least two years before, have to show appropriateness. The check of the appropriateness has to be carried out when the employer is asking for the benefits, financing or the participation in the regional tender. 4) WERE THE TRADE UNIONS AND LABOUR ORGANIZATIONS INCLUDED INTO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STRATEGY, AND IF YES, TO WHICH EXTENT AND IN WHICH DIRECTION? The strategy of fighting against grey economy in Italy had rare periods when the trade unions were included in it. The period of the biggest participation was the period from 2006-2008, which corresponded to the relationship with the left wing Government. Precisely at that period, as we already pointed out, the Law no. 296/2006 was enacted, which, on the one hand, overtakes the influence of a unique platform presented by the Government and made by the biggest trade union labour organizations (CGIL, CISL, UIL), and on the other hand, it was an intensive activity of cooperation between the Government and trade unions with the aim of defying a severe crisis in the public finances field.
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