nguphap_ta_0353

The danh t ? s ố ít t ượ ng tr ư ng cho m ộ

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· The + danh t s ít t ượ ng tr ư ng cho m t nhóm thú v t ho c ñồ v t: The whale = whales (loài cá voi), the deep-freeze (th c ă n ñ ông l nh) · ðố i v i man khi mang ngh ĩ a "loài ng ườ i" tuy t ñố i không ñượ c dùng the: Since man lived on the earth ... (k t khi loài ng ườ i sinh s ng trên trái ñấ t này) · Dùng tr ướ c m t danh t s ít ñể ch m t nhóm, m t h ng ng ườ i nh t ñị nh trong xã h i: The small shopkeeper: Gi i ch ti m nh / The top offcial: Gi i quan ch c cao c p · The + adj: T ượ ng tr ư ng cho m t nhóm ng ườ i, chúng không bao gi ñượ c phép s nhi u nh ư ng ñượ c xem là các danh t s nhi u. Do v y ñộ ng t ñạ i t ñ i cùng v i chúng ph i ngôi th 3 s nhi u: The old = The old people; The old are often very hard in their moving · The + tên g i các ñộ i h p x ướ ng/ dàn nh c c ñ i n/ ban nh c ph thông: The Back Choir/ The Philharmonique Philadelphia Orchestra/ The Beatles. · The + tên g i các t báo (không t p chí)/ tàu bi n/ các khinh khí c u: The Times/ The Titanic/ The Hindenberg · The + h c a m t gia ñ ình s nhi u = gia ñ ình nhà : The Smiths = Mr/ Mrs Smith and
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 6 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng children · Thông th ườ ng không dùng the tr ướ c tên riêng tr tr ườ ng h p có nhi u ng ườ i ho c v t cùng tên và ng ườ i nói mu n ám ch m t ng ườ i c th trong s ñ ó: There are three Sunsan Parkers in the telephone directory. The Sunsan Parker that I know lives on the First Avenue. · T ươ ng t , không dùng "the" tr ướ c b a ă n: breakfast, lunch, dinner: We ate breakfast at 8 am this morning. Tr khi mu n ám ch m t b a ă n c th : The dinner that you invited me last week were delecious. · Không dùng "the" tr ướ c m t s danh t nh ư home, bed, church, court, jail, prison, hospital, school, class, college, university v.v... khi nó ñ i v i các ñộ ng t và gi i t ch chuy n ñộ ng ch ñ i ñế n ñ ó là m c ñ ích chính ho c ra kh i ñ ó c ũ ng vì m c ñ ích chính: Students go to school everyday. The patient was released from hospital . Nh ư ng n ế u ñế n ñ ó ho c ra kh i ñ ó không vì m c ñ ích chính thì dùng "the". Students go to the school for a class party. The doctor left the hospital for lunch.
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