Cultural relativism idea that behavior should be

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Cultural relativism : idea that behavior should be evaluated not by outside standards but in the context of the culture in which it occurs
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ETHNOCENTRISM, CULTURAL RELATIVISM, AND HUMAN RIGHTS Human rights : rights based on justice and morality beyond and superior to particular countries, cultures, and religions Cultural rights : rights vested in religious and ethnic minorities and indigenous societies IPR : intellectual property rights; an indigenous group’s collective knowledge and its applications
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A historic photo of a Makah whale hunt in 1910. Ancestral Makah hunted the eastern North Pacific gray whale in seagoing canoes for more than a thousand years. Do you think the Makah should be allowed to resume whaling?
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MECHANISMS OF CULTURAL CHANGE Diffusion : borrowing of cultural traits between societies Direct Forced Indirect Acculturation : exchange of cultural features between groups in firsthand contact Independent invention : process by which humans innovate, creatively finding solutions
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GLOBALIZATION Globalization : accelerating interdependence of nations in the world system today Series of processes that works to make modern nations and people increasingly interlinked and mutually dependent Economic and political forces Long-distance communication Local people must increasingly cope with forces generated by progressively larger systems
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GLOBALIZATION: ITS MEANING AND ITS NATURE Smith and Doyle: distinction between two meanings of globalization Globalization as fact: spread and connectedness of production, communication, and technologies across the world Speed, scale, and volume Globalization as ideology and policy Efforts by international financial powers to create a global free market for goods and services
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GLOBALIZATION: ITS MEANING AND ITS NATURE Three key features of the new global economy: Based on knowledge and information Networks are transnational Core activities proceed as a unit in real time People increasingly live their lives across borders Multinational corporations globalize labor and markets Nations have less control over their own economies Anti-globalization activists protest the expense to farmers, workers, and others at the bottom
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  • Fall '19
  • Cultural Change

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