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Passage 9 1. a) Argument. For it to be an argument, there must be some point that is controversial or in dispute. In this case, it seems debatable that the teapot is broken. After all, the passage gives reasons to think that it is. Thus, it is an argument. See pp. 84–85, 87–91, 93–96. 2. b) Extended. An extended argument consists of a central or main conclusion, with several other sub-conclusions supported throughout the argument. In this case, there are at least two conclusions. See p. 82. 3. c) This teapot’s broken.A conclusion indicator word or phrase is used to indicate that what follows is a claim that other claims try to support or establish. “Therefore” serves that purpose, so what follows it must be a conclusion. See pp. 84–85. 4. a) The water leaks right out of it; Look.A premise indicator word or phrase is used to indicate that what follows is a reason or a piece of evidence for a conclusion. “Look” serves to attract the audience’s attention to some piece of evidence, so it serves that purpose. Thus, what follows it must be a premise. See pp. 84–85. 5. b) Conclusion 1: This teapot’s broken. Premise 1: The water leaks right out of it. Premise 2: That’s not what you expect from a good teapot. Conclusion 2: If it can’t hold water, it can’t make tea. A conclusion is whatever receives support from another claim; a premise is whatever gives support to another claim. See pp. 89, 93, 95 for examples. Passage 101. b) Explanation. For it to be an explanation, there must some account of the causes of an event. In this case, the dog’s behaviour is being explained by the dog’s desire. See pp. 92–96.
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