⇤ Throne room in one of the palaces that is not present in other palaces. Not much to go on. – One state or multiple? ⇤ Palace at Knossis suggests that it was unified. But again, we’re not sure. ⇤ Then again, many palaces exist, so that’s an interesting point in the multiple state school of thought. – Aegean? ⇤ Did the Minoans dominate the islands as well? Or was it just a matter of cultural dominance. ⇤ Scipt has been found here. • Religion – Mother-goddess? ⇤ Could be a single deity, also could be the one that inspires all goddesses in Greek history. ⇤ Religion dominated by females. – Natural sanctuaries ⇤ No temples or statues ⇤ Hilltop sanctuaries ⇤ Cave sanctuaries (could be representative of the womb) – Summoning rituals ⇤ God possesses the summoner ⇤ Could explain the lack of statues ⇤ As always with these guys, we don’t know shit.
8 4 Mycenaean Civilization • Still not Greeks, but we’re getting close, they are at least Greek speaking • NMame derives from the largest city, called Mycenae. 4.1 Introduction • Influence – Influenced heavily by the Minoans. – As mentioned, Greek speaking. • Continuity – Greeks went into a dark age after collapse of the Mycenaean Empire. – Mythological stories owe much to Mycenaean time. – We have some idea of continuity during the Mycenaean time period, but there is mostly discontinuity (not many sources). • Sources – Largely archaeological. – Some literary from later Greeks, but this info is a little sketchy sometimes. – Used script Linear B, derived from Minoan linear A. Largely deciphered, unlike Linear A. – Similar to Greek, but some words we still do not know. Used, as with the Minoans, to record goods and services and record keeping. – Homer’s stories are from the Bronze age, so Mycenaean time. Written 500 years later from stories passed down orally. 4.2 Historical outline • 2100-1600BC Pre-Mycenaean • 1600-1400BC Early Mycenaean • 1400-1200BC Palace Period (1200BC major upheaval) • 1200-1050BC Sub Mycenaean • 1600 comes from the fact that before this there is no indication of large building or complex graves. – Graves found from 1600 even have goods from other civilizations, pointing to international trade.
9 – Most building replaced by palaces later, not much remains from 1600-1400BC. • 1400-1200BC – Building great buildings for the first time. • 1200BC – Something bad happened. – Things start going very badly, not just for the Mycenaeans. • 1200-1050BC – Mycenaean society drifts into history, dark ages. 4.3 Society • Classes – Kings and Elite ⇤ Palaces have a throne room. ⇤ Wanax (word meaning in charge of society) ⇤ There are council members, generals. ⇤ Seems to exist an aristocracy. ⇤ Lawagetas (the King’s general) ⇤ Quesileu or basilus (mayor), Basileus later becomes the Greek word for king.
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