In March of 1887, Congress adopted the Reconstruction Act and the Tenure of Office Act, the latter banned the President from removing office holders. Months later, Johnson removed the Secretary of War and Congress responded by appoving articles of impeachment . For the first time in American History, a President was placed in trial. The final tally was 35 – 19 to convict Johnson. Days later, the Republicans nominated Ulysses S. Grant, a prominent hero. Grant won the election and led Congress to adapt the Fifteenth Amendment , which prohibited the denial of the right to vote, regardless of race but not gender. Advocates for women’s right saw the Recontruction as a commitment to equality and they used this moment to claim their emancipation. Time passed and black were represented in every level of government and the South’s first – supported public school was established, offering education to black and white children, but they were seggregated by race. Also, in the hope of economic growth all states helped finance a Railroad construction, they reduced the taxes to attract investors. After everything, the violence towards black persisted and in 1866, the Ku Klux Klan was founded in Tennessee. They were a terror organization that commited brutal crimes. Finally, in the mid – 1870s, Democrats were able to regain control of some states and the states where the Reconstruction survives, violence erupted and Grant did not showed interest. In 1887, Rutherford B. Hayes became President and the first Reconstruction came to an end .
THE PROGRESSIVE ERA The Progressive Era was a time of economic growth, increasing industrial production and the expansion of the consumer market, caused by a population rise. The economy rose an 85%, farms and cities grew together. The cities became the focus of this era’s politics. Some saw it as a place were the american values were undermined and Journalists started to write about corruption, these articles were “mockaring” to Roosevelt since they were exposing the underside of american life.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 5 pages?