The gender pay gap generates considerable discussion

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Human Resource Management Applications: Cases, Exercises, Incidents, and Skill Builders
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Human Resource Management Applications: Cases, Exercises, Incidents, and Skill Builders
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11. The gender pay gap generates considerable discussion. As defined by the Organisation for Economic Co- operation and Development (OECD), this gap is the “difference between male and female earnings expressed as a percentage of male earnings.” Critics of the pay gap note that women do not work as many hours as men, that children necessitate women as primary caregivers (as the sole persons able to bear children), and that the entire problem “can be explained away by simply taking account of college majors.” All of this debate underscores what basic idea? a. the extent of male dominance in society b. the innate nature of women as child bearers in society c. the way in which work is valued differently between men and women. d. that there are few instances of any society where women are more powerful than men.
12. The American Psychological Association’s classification of homosexuality as a deviant personality type, which was only changed in 1973, as well as the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in 2003 decriminalizing homosexual sex both reflect Michel Foucault’s assertion that
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Human Resource Management Applications: Cases, Exercises, Incidents, and Skill Builders
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Human Resource Management Applications: Cases, Exercises, Incidents, and Skill Builders
Fottler/Nkomo
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13. The model family in the 1950s in America was a happy, simple one. Mom stayed home and raised the kids. Dad went to work and made a good living. Even the dog was happy. In this Father Knows Best model, we can clearly see the structure of
14. We often see sex and gender as immutable – sex is a biological fact that in turn determines the gender of an individual. As the examples of Deirdre McCloskey and David Reimer demonstrate, however, neither sex nor gender are as straightforward as many people would like to believe. A lot of how we understand sex and gender is found in how we understand the differences between
15. We often think that the role of women in Western societies prior to the 1960s was pretty much the same thing – a matter of doing what women were expected to do. During World War II, however, the role of women silently upended conventional ideas about gender roles. Women worked as bomb makers, in factories, and were later revealed as having been a key part of the code breaking effort that won the war. These examples lend insight into how we create our identities through interactions and not through fixed definitions. As such, they reflect ideas posited by a. psychoanalytic theory. b. conflict theory. c. microinteractionist theory. d. postmodern theory.

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