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Due to the multidisciplinary purview of the study on suicide, many prevention and treatment intervention are not successful. The low base rate of suicide, short assessment duration and relatively small populations for studying suicide makes it almost impossible to obtain the right results when investigating into this phenomenon (Institute of Medicine, 2002). For instance, a population where suicidal rates are between 5 and 15 per 100,000 population requires research participants of about 100,000 to acquire a 90% confidence of findings. Hence, addressing some of the negative outcomes may be accomplished if the Department of Veterans Affairs and Department of Defense inject funding into conducting regular research on suicide prevention and combat-related traumas through large nationally coordinated efforts.Implication for practice and future researchIdentifying the best treatment procedure for helping veterans and active duty diagnosed with combat-related traumas is in the right perspective for suicide prevention that has currently bedeviled the ranks and files of our military. Hence, both psychotherapy and pharmacology treatment should be adopted for those with suicidal thoughts and tendencies. pharmacotherapy should be used as a baseline treatment and followed with psychotherapy treatment. Service members who have had multiple deployments and showing symptoms of combat traumas should be provided the kind of help through therapy. Behavioral health nurses and the Department of Veterans Affairs research team should consider further research on some possible side effects of medication prescriptions that have the potential to trigger other mental and behavioral psychosis. ReferenceInstitute of Medicine. (2002). Reducing Suicide: A National Imperative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Retrieved from .Palinkas L. A. (2014). Qualitative and mixed methods in mental health services and implementation research. Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology: the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53, 43(6), 851-61. Retrieved from Polit, D.E., & Beck, C. (2004). Nursing research: Principles and methods. (7thEd). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Sullivan G. M. (2011). A primer on the validity of assessment instruments. Journal of graduate medical education, 3(2), 119-20.
Authors/Year ofCitationResearch DesignData Collection MethodsSample CharacteristicsKey FindingsAmos, T, Stein, D.J., & Ipser, J.C. (2014)Randomized Control TrialsTrials assessment for eligibility and inclusion using review selection criteria.Sample size included 345 participants between the ages of 18 to76 yearsFour trials with 165 participants showed moderate quality evidence for the efficacy of hydrocortisone in preventing the onset of PTSD. indicating that between 7 and 13 patients would need to betreated with this agent to prevent onset of PTSD inone patient. Three trials with 118 participants treated with propranolol showed low quality evidence for PTSD prevention