Polish Ox-Cart (ostinato) (minor) - Ostinato: a rhythm, melody, or harmony that is repeated over and over - A polish wagon on enormous wheels passes by Goldenberg and Schmuyle: Two Jews (minor) - Two polish Jews rich and poor - Rich in oval, poor in square The Great Gate of Kiev (major) - Three ‘gate theme’ openings for three archways… each time its slightly different - Eastern orthodox hymn to represent what type of people would be going through the gate - Also exotic sounds for foreign travelers - Promenade is embedded into to symbolize ever the composer is walking through the gate o The Fundamental Element: Rhythm • Rhythm: the organization of time in music Allows us to distinguish what it long or short • Beat: an even pulse that divides the passing of time into equal segments Unit of measure… an inch • Tempo: the speed at which beats occur Measured in beats per minute Gives us something to measure against seconds • Tempo Markings: (don’t need to know) Grave (40-60): slow, solemn Andante (76-108): moderate, “walking tempo” Allegro (120-168): fast Presto (168-200): very fast • Meter: A recurring group of stressed and unstressed beats Basic types of meter: - Duple (2 beats): stability - Triple (3 beats): a sense of movement Measure – In written music, the grouping of beats according to the meter of the piece The first beat is always strong, the rest are weak.
Weak beats lead into the next strong beat o Melody and Harmony • Beethoven’s whatever basis for Joyful, Joyful • Melody: a series of notes arranged to form a recognizable unit Series of notes tells you that they are played one after the other Notes tell you that it has pitch and rhythm Notes come in particular order • Aspects of melody: Pitch: the relative position (high or low) of musical sound Phrase: a self-contained portion of a melody theme or tune. - At the store, / I bought / a loaf of bread • Harmony Harmony: a series of musical tones that provide support and enrichment for melody Chord: a group of two or more pitches that sound at the same time Major vs. Minor -
- Spring '08
- Music, traditional music Copland, western music Key, distinct American sound, important musical ideas, musical sound Phrase