Senate Minority Whip (I) ➔ What does a Whip do? ◆ Whips have two functions ● 1. Counts up the votes ● 2. Uses influence to secure votes ➔ Sometimes when the minority party becomes the new majority party -- the speaker or sen majority leader resign instead of becoming the minority leader ➔ Filibuster - Informal, Senate Only
◆ 1. All bills must pass both the House of Reps and the Senate (218 in the House, 51 in the Senate) ◆ 2. House of Reps has strict rules - 435 members, 45 min debate limit ◆ 3. Senate has few rules - 100 members, unlimited debate ◆ 4. Before a bill can be passed, debate must be formally ended - cloture (closure) ◆ 5. In the senate rules for cloture, require 60 senators to vote to end debate ◆ 6. If the debate is not ended, a bill cannot be passed, and cannot become a law ◆ 7. Filibuster us a way to prevent cloture, therefore preventing passage of a bill ◆ 8. “Old School” traditional filibuster requires “rogue” senators to keep talking to prevent cloture - not required to pass a bill, only stalls legislation ◆ 9. Today - if the senate has less than 60 senators agreeing to a bill, it cannot pass b/c cloture is not agreed to - the current senate is 52 Republican, 48 Democrat ● Today senate is where bills go to die ◆ A bill that is not able to get to cloture (60) is in a filibuster. It is not dead, but it is not passed either “Zombie Bill” ➔ House has the Rules Committee ◆ 1. Larger membership (435 v. 100) requires more organization ◆ 2. Rules Committee sets the rule for the house ◆ 3. Limits debate to 45 minutes a member NO FILIBUSTER IN THE HOUSE ➔ House of Reps v. Senate ◆ House Senate ◆ 435 - # of reps based on pop 100 - based on state equality ◆ 2 year term- more accountable 6 year term - less accountable to the ppl ◆ Rules committee no rules committee ◆ More structured less structured ◆ No filibuster filibuster ◆ Speaker (F) with power President of the Senate (VP- F) no power ◆ #2 in house is majority leader(I) #1 person is the majority leader (I) ➔ How do members represent their constituents? ◆ Member of congress : Representational view, organizational view, attitudinal view ◆ 1. Representational View - lawmakers are elected to represent the view of their constituents. They vote how their district would want them to. ◆ How do representatives know what their constituents are thinking? ● 1. **Polling - constituency polling ● 2. Letters, emails, social media ● 3. Town hall meetings ● Get Feedback from constituents ◆ 2. Organizational View - Lawmakers take their cues from their colleagues and party leaders - role of the leadership, whips ◆ What positions of leadership would try to impact a member’s vote? ● 1. loBByIst - pOwErfUL ex. NRA
● 2. pReSidENt ● 3. speAkEr oF tHe HoUse / SeNaTE maJOriTy leADer / pArTy wHiPs ● leAdErShIp lEvERaGe oVeR MeMBErs tO gEt tHeM To vOTe tHeIr wAy ◆ 3. Attitudinal View - there are many decisions of a personal or moral choice that lead lawmakers to vote their own conscience ● E.x abortion, death penalty, stem-cell research ➔ What is pork?
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- Fall '18