In individualized leadership a leader develops a unique relationship with each

In individualized leadership a leader develops a

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In individualized leadership, a leader develops a unique relationship with each subordinate or group member which determines how the leader behaves and how the member responds. Leadership is a series of dyads, two-person interactions. Dyadic theory examines why leaders have more influence on some followers than on others. The focuses is on the exchange: leaders meet followers needs and offer support Thomson Learning, Inc. 36
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followers provide commitment and high performance. some dyads may be “rich” with a high level of giving and receiving some may be “poor” with little giving and receiving. This viewpoint includes four stages: awareness of a relationship between a leader and each individual specific attributes of the exchange relationship ability of the leader to develop partnerships intentionally with each group member inclusion of larger systems and networks The Vertical Dyad Linkage Model Exhibit 2.6: Leader Behavior toward In-Group versus Out-Group Members Why do some subordinates get their needs met while others do not? The Vertical Dyad Linkage Model (VDL) argues for the importance of the dyad formed by a leader with each member of the group. Initial findings showed that subordinates provided different descriptions of the same leader (i.e., high on people and tasks or low on leadership behaviors). Based on these two exchange patterns, subordinates existed in an in-group or out-group in relation to the leader. The model shows differences in leader behavior toward in-group versus out-group members: in-group exchange relationship---insiders, highly trusted, special privileges out-group exchange--- others without trust and extra consideration o In-group members ---higher job satisfaction and performance o out-group subordinates-- low-quality relationship with the same leader. Discussion question #5: The Vertical Dyad Linkage model suggests that followers respond individually to the leader. If this were so, what advice would you give leaders Thomson Learning, Inc. 37
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about displaying people-oriented versus task-oriented behavior? Notes ___________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ __ Leader-Member Exchange Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) is stage two in the individualized leadership model, exploring how leader-member relationships develop over time and how the quality of exchange relationships impacts outcomes. Studies explored: communication frequency value agreement characteristics of followers job satisfaction job climate commitment. Quality of the leader-member exchange relationship is higher for in-group members. Why do leaders benefit from the increased initiative effort of in-group participants? A higher-quality LMX relationship leads to higher performance and satisfaction.
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  • Spring '11
  • Walker
  • Thomson Learning

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