PS101 B1 Midterm 1 Study Guide

Kohlbergs theory of moral development freuds

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Kohlberg’s theory of moral development Freud’s psychosexual theory of development Defense mechanism Kagan’s theory Thomas and Chess’s theory of temperament Gender identity Sensation and Perception Structure of the eye Structure of the ear Theories of Color Vision Trichromatic Theory Opponent Process Theory Two-Stage Process Theory Gestalt principles of perceptual organization Monocular and binocular cues Optical illusions Absolute threshold Just noticeable difference (JND) Signal detection Weber Fechner’s Law Steven’s Law Definition of perception Sleep, Dreaming, Consciousness Definition of consciousness and unconsciousness Dissociative Identity Disorder Theories of Sleep Sleep disorders Insomnia Narcolepsy Sleep apnea Sleep terror Sleep paralysis Stages of sleep REM vs. NREM sleep Hypnosis
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Learning and Behavior Habituation Classical conditioning Operant conditioning Partial reinforcement schedules Reinforcement vs. Punishment Limitations of punishment Unconditioned stimulus Unconditioned response Conditioned stimulus Conditioned response Generalization Discrimination Extinction Spontaneous Recovery Memory Three memory processes- encoding, storage, retrieval Sensory memory- iconic vs. echoic Working memory Long-term memory Implicit vs. explicit memory Chunking Primacy and recency effects Long term memory forgetting curve Recall vs. recognition Constructive memory False memories Proactive vs. retroactive interference State-dependent memory Flashbulb memory Patient H.M. Retrograde and anterograde amnesia Types of memories- semantic, episodic, procedural, priming Memory failures Memory aids Cognition, Thinking, Language Strategies for problem solving Confirmation bias Inductive vs. deductive reasoning Parts of language- phoneme, morpheme, syntax, semantics Language acquisition device Broca’s aphasia Wernicke’s aphasia
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