Course Technology 2001 12 Project Life Cycle Development Phase Project plan: In the development phase the project team creates a more detailed project plan. Budgetary cost estimate: A more accurate cost estimate is created. 6+ level WBS: A more thorough WBS is created.
Course Technology 2001 13 Project Life Cycle Implementation Phase Last work package: The project team delivers the required work. Definitive cost estimate: The project team creates definitive or very accurate cost estimate. Performance reports: The project team provides performance reports to stakeholders.
Course Technology 2001 14 Project Life Cycle Close-out phase Completed work: All of the work is completed Lessons learned: The project team should document their experiences on the project in a lessons-learned report. Customer acceptance: There should be some sort of customer acceptance of the entire project.
Course Technology 2001 15 A project should successfully pass through each of the project phases in order to continue on to the next Management reviews (also called phase exits or kill points) should occur after each phase to evaluate the project’s progress, likely success, and continued compatibility with organizational goals Project Life Cycle
Course Technology 2001 16 Products of IT Projects New software hardware networks research reports, and training on new systems.
Course Technology 2001 17 General phases of Systems Development Life Cycle Planning, Analysis, Design, Implementation, and Support.
Course Technology 2001 18 In order to improve the success rate of information technology projects, it is important for project managers to develop a better understanding of people as well as organizations. Understanding Organizations
Course Technology 2001 19 Organizations can be viewed as having four different frames: - Structural - Human resources - Political - symbolic Understanding Organizations
Course Technology 2001 20 The structural frame deals with how the organization is structured and focuses on different groups’ roles and responsibilities in order to meet the goals and policies set by top management. Understanding Organizations
Course Technology 2001 21 The human resources frame focuses on producing harmony between the needs of the organization and the needs of individuals and groups and works to resolve any potential problems. Understanding Organizations
Course Technology 2001 22 The political frame addresses personal organizational and politics. It is important to know who opposes your projects and who supports them. The symbolic frame focuses on symbols and meanings. Understanding Organizations
Course Technology 2001 23 Three general classifications of organizational structures are: - Functional organization - Project organization - Matrix organization Understanding Organizations Organizational Structures
Course Technology 2001 24 A functional organization is the hierarchy most people think of when picturing an organizational chart. Functional managers or Vice Presidents (VP) in
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