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25. The 1979 Embassy Crisis led the United States to support Iran’s enemy, Iraq, which wasthen under the leadership of Saddam Hussein. Donald Rumsfeld (later to become theSecretary of Defense before and during the 2003 invasion of Iraq under President GeorgeW. Bush) met with Saddam Hussein in 1983 and 1984. The US supplied Iraq with chemicalweapons of mass destruction, which were known to have been used against Iraniancivilians.26. Ayatollah Khamenei commented that the US would not be able to snuff out the newIranian regime under Khomeini like it had snuffed out Mossadegh’s regime.27. Iran, under Khomeini, began to support terrorism abroad, assisting such groups asHAMAS and Hezbollah. One could reasonably conclude that this was in some part aconsequence of the 1953 coup.28. Iran’s radical and revolutionary leaders may have inspired people like Osama bin Ladin.29. Match the duties of the Supreme Leader and of the President of Iran:a1. Is elected to a four year term a. Presidentb2. Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces b. Supreme Leaderb3. The highest authority in Iran a4. Sole Power to declare war 30. The 2003 US invasion of Iraq put the Iranians at ease. They knew that the US wouldeliminate the hated dictator of Iraq, Saddam Hussein, and that the US would respect Iranand never repeat the events of 1953.FalseQuestions from the editorial “When Politics Becomes Religious”31. Shiite Muslims welcomed the arrival of invading US Troops in 2003.False4
32. According to the editorial, Muslims and Arabs have a better historical memory thanAmericans. I don't mean that Americans can't recall key events from the past. Instead, Irefer to a collective memory that motivates people to political action.33. Ayatollah Khomeini used anti-Shah and anti-US sentiment to gain power and establish atheocracy.34. Khomeini used the religious drama (“Passion Play”) of the Karbala rituals to politicaladvantage. The Shah was assigned the role of “Evil” and the United States the role of the“Great Satan.”35. The Iranian Revolution of 1979 became in effect a gigantic Passion Playcommemorating the martyrdom of Karbala in real life.36. The editorial concludes that the last thing the United States needs is a confrontationwith thousands of unarmed youths seeking death already wrapped in their martyr'sshroud.5