(couldn't find the NCS-R DATA) Problems with doing survey research on mental disorders - Can’t study clinical population because not everyone goes for treatment - Problem with validity - Doesn’t take context into consideration - Too specific - False negatives - False positive - People get put into mental disorders but they don’t actually have them Neurotransmitters (what are they and know the three noted in class) Neurotransmitters are the brains form of sending information between one neuron to another. The cell gets an electrical charge and if it is passed a certain threshold the cell body passes the electrical charge through the axon towards the axon terminals.Then the neurotransmitter go through the synapse gap and gets “captured” through to the other side which are than received by the opposing cells dendrites.These chemicals that are in the synaptic gap have a huge effect on emotion if they are taken back to fast or left there too long. some drugs either allow for excess flow of the chemicals ,stop the chemicals from being taken back too quickly, or speed up the process in which they are taken back to the axon. ● When the chemicals don’t leave and hold on --> problematic ● When too many are released, or too few --> problematic ● Depression: lack of serotonin
● Anxiety: too much norepinephrine ● Schizophrenia: too much Dopamine Psychological perspective: approaches ● Psychoanalysis ● Cognitive/behavioral Sociological perspective: three approaches ● Social stress ● Structural strain ● labelling Social Stress model: process (includes terms and definitions in the process) ● Need to know: ○ Cause: environmental factors ○ What are they? How do they affect people? ■ Stress on the body, then modifiers that deal with stress, then outcome that causes stress ■ Stressor --> stress --> modifier --> outcome (distress) ● Terms & How we get to this outcome: distress ○ Psychological Pain, sometimes physical ○ Understand stress consists of 3 components : ■ Stressors ■ Life event or social circumstance that puts stress on body ■ Ex: having 3 Exams in a week like me right now!, Living in poverty ■ Stressors can be: threat, demand, or social constraint ■ Threat: living in a bad neighborhood and sending kids to school ■ Demand: losing a job, and require to adapt ■ Constraint: financial constraint, poverty, being born with a disability, discrimination ■ Limiting people's life opportunities and life chances ■ Meaning and Context ■ Meaning: a family with a child with intellectual disability ■ Context: grief isn't different, but because of meaning to them ■ Family finds disabled child as blessing that god thinks they can handle vs. a family who is miserable and stressed ■ Nonevent: infertility, can't get pregnant ■ Chronic Stressor ■ Never ending ■ Childhood abuse ■ Bullying
■ Child with autism ■ Some expected, some unexpected ■ Not everyone has equal opportunity to them ■ Some are stronger than others ■ Some were lucky enough to have a job with benefits ■
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