on pleasure, and having little or no real contact with adult role models. All of these drawbacks are individually, reasons to resist allowing teens to work 20+ hours per week, but when taken together they provide compelling reason to limit the amount of working hours teens are permitted to engage in.Key Points:1.Support the 10-hour limit over 20+.2.Describe the problems associated with working more than 20 hours per week.98.Annie’s parents believe Annie has too much free time on her hands. They would like her to either enroll in some extracurricular activities are get a part-time job. How might Annie’s experience differ in these two settings?Answer: Although early research documenting a positive correlation between extracurricular participation and adolescents’ well-being could not clearly show that participation lead to improved functioning (rather than the opposite), newer longitudinal studies indicate that participation in an extracurricular activity actually improves students’ performance in school and reduce the likelihood of dropping out; deters delinquency, drug use, and other types of risk taking; and enhances students’ psychological well-being and social status. The one exception to this uniformly positivepicture is that some studies have found that involvement in team sports, which is associated many psychological benefits, such as better mental health and higher school achievement, is also associated with increased alcohol use and delinquency. This latter consequence is seen especially among boys who have a strong “jock” identity and who participate in school-sponsored, male-dominated sports, like football.Extracurricular activities also may provide greater opportunities for cross-racial friendship than does the regular school day, and Black adolescents in integrated schools who participate in extracurricular activities especially show better mental health as a result. Extracurricular participation in high school also seems to be linked to extracurricular participation in college and to community involvement in adulthood.Researchers speculate that the generally positive impact of extracurricular participation is because these activities increase students’ contact with teachers and other school personnel who may reinforce the value of school (as when a coach or -advisor counsels a student about plans for college), and because participation itself may improve students’ self-confidence and self-esteem. Some educators believe that extracurricular participation also helps bond students and parents to their school, especially in the case of adolescents who are not achieving academically; for many of them, their extracurricular activity is what keeps them coming to school each day. Most people believe that working builds character, teaches adolescents about the real world, and helps them prepare for adulthood, but these assumptions are not generally supported by research. Indeed, studies indicate that the benefits of working during
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