of an individuals personality is the molecular structure of the genes located

Of an individuals personality is the molecular

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of an individual’s personality is the molecular structure of the genes, located in the chromosomes o Consistent with the notion that the teenage years are periods of great exploration and change, research has shown that personality is more changeable in adolescence and more stable among adults o Early work on the structure of personality tried to identify and label enduring characteristics that describe an individual’s behavior, including shy, aggressive, submissive, lazy, ambitious, loyal, and timid When someone exhibits these characteristics in a large number of situations, we call them personality traits of that person Personality traits – enduring characteristic that describe an individual’s behavior The more consistent the characteristic over time, and the more frequently it occurs in diverse situations, the more important that trait is in describing the individual o Early efforts to identify the primary traits that govern behavior often resulted in long lists that were difficult to generalize from and provided little practical guidance to organizational decision makers Describe the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator personality framework and assess its strengths and weaknesses o The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is the most widely used personality- assessment instrument in the world Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) – A personality test that taps four characteristics and classifies people into 1 of 16 personality types It is a 100-question personality test that asks people how they usually feel or act in particular situations
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Respondents are classified as extraverted or introverted (E or I), sensing or intuitive (S or N), thinking or feeling (T or F), and judging or perceiving (J or P) o Extraverted (E) versus Introverted (I) Extraverted individuals are outgoing, sociable, and assertive Introverts are quiet and shy o Sensing (S) versus Intuitive (N) Sensing types are practical and prefer routine and order They focus on details Intuitives rely on unconscious processes and look at the “big picture” o Thinking (T) versus Feeling (F) Thinking types use reason and logic to handle problems Feeling types rely on their personal values and emotions o Judging (J) versus Perceiving (P) Judging types want control and prefer their world to be ordered and structured Perceiving types are flexible and spontaneous These classifications together describe 16 personality types, identifying every person by one trait from each of the four pairs o Example: Introverted/Intuitive/Thinking/Judging people (INTJs) are visionaries with original minds and great drive They are skeptical, critical, independent, determined, and often stubborn ESTJs are organizers They are realistic, logical, analytical, and decisive and have a natural head for business or mechanics ENTPs are conceptualizers Innovative, individualistic, versatile, and attracted to entrepreneurial ideas o This person tends to be resourceful in solving challenging problems but may neglect routine assignments The MBTI
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