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in criticizing behaviour/beliefs they encounterScheper-Hughes as an anthropologist refused: to only observe, document, and write about their lives truthfully oShe believed if they were to work with her, she would have to work with them tofight for better livesShe calls it a more “womanly” anthropology one concerned with how people treat one another
Pages 3 - 32Question 1.4: How Can The Meanings That Others Find In Experience Be Interpreted And Described?Ex. Sherlock Holmes Story (Page 24)An anthropologist might infer that clocks are instruments of discipline; they tell us when to get up, go to bed, eat, when to start and stop workHolmes “read” the watch as if it were a cultural textCultural Text – thinking about culture as a text of significant symbols, drawings, etc.To understand a culture we must be able to decipher the meanings of the symbols that comprise a cultural text (Ex. Holmes viewed the watch as a text inscribed with symbols thatrevealed ideas about time and work)Must be able to interpret meanings embedded in language, objects, gestures, sharedby members of a societya)Deciphering the Balinese CockfightEx. a cockfight on island of Bali: a ring in which 2 roosters with sharpened metal spurs attached to their legs are set at each other until one kills the other with men shouting encouragement for the one that they want to winoTo understand how Balinese view their world:Might find out the language they use to talk about the cockfightThe synonym of rooster is the same as us North AmericansCock fights are public events held from late afternoons until after sundownThe owner of the winning cock takes the carcass of the loser home to eatBalinese contrast heaven and hell by comparing them to mood of a man whose cock has won and the mood of a man whose cock has lostThere are strict social conventions that dictate wageringEx. man will never bet against cock that is owned by someone of his family, village, or friend’s family groupAren’t about economics; more about status cocks represent men (their owners) Cockfight is meaningful to BalineseoTells them something real about their own lives in a way that doesn’t directly affect their livesoThey see struggle for status that is part of everyday life oEven in cockfight itself, no one really gains/loses status in any permanent senseQuestion 1.5: What Can Learning About Other Peoples Tell Anthropologists About Their Own Societies? An objective of studying other cultures is to help us recognize meanings we impose on our experiences (Ex. page 28)
Pages 3 - 32oRealize they use similar expressions in talking about hockey: roughing and