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B pull the lower eyelid down and drop the medication

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b. Pull the lower eyelid down and drop the medication into the conjunctival sac.c. Hold both eyelids open and drop the medication onto the sclera.d. Tilt the head to the side and drop the medication into the outer canthus.ANS: BThe eye drops should be dropped into the lower eyelid, and the nurse should press the tear duct toslow absorption.DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: p. 1229 OBJ: 3TOP: Topical Medications KEY: Nursing Process Step: ImplementationMSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Basic Care and Comfort11. What does electroretinography measure?a. A fluorescein dye is injected intravenously (IV) into a vein in the arm, and the retina is observed asthe dye circulates.b. Electrodes are placed on the scalp, each eye is stimulated, and retinal activity is assessed.c. A small plunger is used to apply pressure on the sclera while the retinal vessels are evaluated.d. A contact lens electrode is placed on the eye and exposed to flashes of light to evaluate the retinalresponse.ANS: DA contact lens electrode is placed on the eye, and retinal activity is assessed as lights are flashedinto the eye. The other three options describe fluorescein angiography, visual-evoked response, andtonometry.DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: p. 1224-1225OBJ: 2 TOP: ElectroretinographyKEY: Nursing Process Step: ImplementationMSC: NCLEX: Health Promotion and Maintenance: Prevention and Early Detection of Disease12. What information should a nurse relay to a patient when providing education about protectingvision?a. After 40 years of age, eye examinations should be performed every 2 years.b. Crusted eyelids on awakening are caused by decreased tear production.c. Floaters are a sign of eye infection.d. Blurred vision without pain is temporary eye strain.ANS: AEye examinations every 2 years are recommended for persons older than 40 years of age. All theother options are indications that the person should consult a physician for an eye disorder.DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: p. 1231 OBJ: 4TOP: Protection of the Eye and Vision KEY: Nursing Process Step: ImplementationMSC: NCLEX: Health Promotion and Maintenance: Prevention and Early Detection of Disease
13. How should a nurse assist a visually impaired patient to ambulate?a. Hold the visually impaired person by his or her nondominant arm and walk side by side.b. Hold the nondominant hand, wrap the arm around his or her waist, and walk side by side.c. Allow the visually impaired person to hold the helper’s arm, with the helper slightly ahead.d. Allow the visually impaired person to hold the shoulder of the helper and walk slightly behind thehelper.ANS: CAllowing the visually impaired person to walk slightly behind the helper and holding the helper’s armis the most effective way to guide someone who is visually impaired.

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Term
Fall
Professor
valli
Tags
Ophthalmology, 76 year old patient

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