medications reduce morbidity from acute episodes maintain lungs function near

Medications reduce morbidity from acute episodes

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medications, reduce morbidity from acute episodes, maintain lungs function near normal, prevent exacerbations and emergency medical visits, and minimize adverse effects of therapy (NHLBI, 2007, p.2). The use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) such as fluticasone, beclomethasone, is beneficial in decreasing the inflammation of the airway in asthma patients in long-term therapy of mild intermittent, mild persistent, moderate persistent, and severe persistent forms. Long-acting bronchodilators (beta-agonists and anticholinergics) also called LABA, theophylline, leukotriene modifiers (LTRA), anti-IgE and IL-5 antibodies, are also used for the long-term control of asthma, open the airways. Corticosteroids are not without side effects, which include hoarseness, throat irritation, and oral candidiasis/thrush (Arcangelo, Peterson, Wilbur, & Reinhold, 2017, p.382). The use of a high dose of inhaled corticosteroids for a long period can have other side effects such as increased appetite, bruising, infection, thinning or weakening of the bones, and slow growth in kids. Patient teaching is crucial while taking inhaled corticosteroids; patients should rinse their mouth with water and spit out after using each dose to decrease the side effects of the medication (Drugs.com, 2018). Quick Relief Treatments Asthma patients that experience sudden symptoms such as wheezing can use short-acting beta2-adrenergic agonists (SABA) for fast relief (Arcangelo, Peterson, Wilbur, & Reinhold,
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4 2017, p.382). Every patient should have SABA such as albuterol inhaled, or levalbuterol inhaled handy for use in case of sudden symptoms (Arcangelo, Peterson, Wilbur, & Reinhold, 2017, p.388). The use of SABA is contraindicated while taking tricyclic antidepressant /MAOIs.
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