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23.The purpose of this paper is to review current knowledge of the health consequences of child labour and to identify methodologies that have the potential to enrich the information base available for the effective targeting of health damaging child work activities. Acquisition of evidence on the health effects of child labour is not easy given the complexity of the relationships involved. This is demonstrated by the fact that simple bivariate descriptions of the correlation between child labour and child health do not support fears, possibly well founded, that work is damaging to the health of children. For example, from the eighteen countries covered by Table 1, there is no evidence of any consistent correlation between the percentage of children reporting health problems and the type of activity in which they are engaged. In five countries children working most intensively are most likely to report health problems but in another five countries this is actually the healthiest group of children. In seven 1Children under the age of 15 working full-time in 1995. The prevalence estimate for both full and part time work is 250 million (Ashagrie, 1998). 2The ILO has developed information instruments in the form of statistical survey methodology to inform on the size and nature of the problem, and rapid assessment techniques, to guide immediate responses it.
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