After it becomes a state the question was weather or

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After it becomes a state, the question was weather or not they would be a free state or a slave state. Sam Houston: (think of Houston, Texas) Remember the Alamo; people who moved to Texas (Mexican territory) wanted to have slaves; all Mexico said was that if you speak Spanish and are Christian you can stay there; they did not listen and the Mexican government did not want slavery anymore; Mexican government wanted the abolition of slavery however the colonists did not want this so they fought back with their own militia. George Catlin: He is important because he was the guy who drew hundreds of portraits of Native Americans during westward expansion because he believed they would be destroyed. He brought these paintings to New York to try and show the beauty of these people and said lets not destroy them. The Fugitive Slave Laws: It outlined that even if you escaped from your state the state that you escaped to were legally required to return you to your owner. Fugitive Slave Act (1850): Created a system where commissioners could find a slave and bring them to court. Guilty = 10$ and non guilty = 5$. Slaves who were guilty were not allowed to go back to trial so there was no way to prove that these were actual slaves; commissioners could potentially sell free blacks into slavery. This is a slavery trade within itself.
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Wilmot Proviso: Said that new land gained from Mexico would all be free states. Calhoun Resolution: Allowed slave owners to bring their slaves into any territory. Said that Congress could not restrict slavery in the territories. Compromise of 1850: It admitted California as a free state but organized the rest of the territory gained from Mexico into New Mexico and Utah and allowed popular sovereignty (the people in those territories get to decide weather it is a slave state or a free state). Abolished the slave trade (except in DC) but it passed the fugitive slave act Kansas Nebraska Act: Cancelled the Missouri Compromise (everything west and north of Missouri would be free – Mason Dixon Line). Created popular sovereignty in Kansas and Nebraska Significance: people who were not living in the slave states would go up to these territories and vote pro slavery and then move back down. John Brown: RAID ON HARPER’S FERRY Radical abolitionist (white) who attacked a lot of white slave owners and also raided Harper’s Ferry in hopes of providing slaves with guns but this failed. Fort Sumter: Confederacy attack on Fort Sumter was the start of the Civil War. Significance: Lincoln said that the north would not fire the first shot and would not be the ones to start the war and they were not. The south said that the start of the Civil War was the election of Lincoln and the north said that the start of the war was the attack on Fort Sumter by the confederates.
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