Peace and civil war despite continuing losses the

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Peace and Civil War Despite continuing losses the  Provisional Government had kept  Russia in the war. Russia agreed to  give up a lot of territory. The new  regimes then turn its attention to  Russia’s internal political problems.  The Communist faced great  opposition. Civil War broke out in  1918. To prevent change, the 
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Section 5 Creating a “New Europe” The Treaty of Versailles  After six months of negotiation, the delegates to the peace  conference finally hammered out an agreement. The Allies  Power made separate peace treaties with each of the five  Central Powers. In May 1919, the representatives of the new  German Republic were called in and present a peace treaty.  This treaty in known as the Treaty of Versailles. Germans were  furious at the treaty. It didn’t have the fourteen points. The  treaty made Germany admit that it was guilty of starting the  war and must alone pay reparation. The treaty of Versailles  carved a huge piece of territory from Germany and put many  restrictions on the German Government. 
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It provide for the formation of the League of Nations.  The German denied paying reparation and starting the  war. As a result of the Versailles Treaty, many  territories changes were made at Germany expense.  Alsace-Lorraine returns to France. Belgium gained  some small territories along its border. Germany  agreed not to fortify the Rhineland. Poland is an  independent nation. The Port of Danzig became a free  city under the League of Nation. Germany abolishes  its military draft. They weren’t allowed to  manufacture heavy artillery, tanks, or military  airplanes. German navy had a few warships but no  submarines.
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  States of former Territories  The Allied wrote separate peace treaties with  the new nations of Austria-Hungary. The two  countries kept only a small part of the pre-war  Austria-Hungarians Empire.    Ethnic Population  The peace treaties ended many problems but  created a new one. One difficult problem was  national self-determination. The new frontiers  left about three million Germans in  Czechoslovakia and Hungarians in Romania. 
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Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire, and Russia The victors also punished the Bulgarians.  Bulgaria ceded  from Greece in the treaty of the Allies. Doing this, it loses  the outlet to the Aegean Sea. The Ottoman Empire also paid  a high price for being on the losing side. By the treaty of  1920, it was stripped of almost all territory but Turkey itself. 
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